资源科学 ›› 2021, Vol. 43 ›› Issue (6): 1077-1087.doi: 10.18402/resci.2021.06.02

• 资源管理 • 上一篇    下一篇

公众参与河长制对河流治理效果的影响——基于江苏、湖北的实证研究

陈柳言(), 赵鑫, 朱玉春()   

  1. 西北农林科技大学经济管理学院,杨凌 712100
  • 收稿日期:2020-06-05 修回日期:2020-08-04 出版日期:2021-06-25 发布日期:2021-08-25
  • 通讯作者: 朱玉春,女,北京密云人,教授、博士生导师,研究方向为区域经济发展。E-mail: zhuyuchun321@126.com
  • 作者简介:陈柳言,女,贵州遵义人,硕士研究生,研究方向为农业经济管理。E-mail: chenliuyan@nwafu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家社会科学基金重点项目(18AZD003)

Impact of public participation in the River Chief System on river governance: An empirical study in Jiangsu and Hubei provinces

CHEN Liuyan(), ZHAO Xin, ZHU Yuchun()   

  1. College of Economics and Management, Northwest A&F University, Yangling 712100, China
  • Received:2020-06-05 Revised:2020-08-04 Online:2021-06-25 Published:2021-08-25

摘要:

河长制是中国解决复杂河流治理问题的一项重大制度创新,全面推行河长制,使其更好地嵌入于河流治理的结构和过程,是推进河流治理体系和治理能力现代化的重要举措。本文基于江苏省、湖北省677份实地调研问卷,运用Logit模型剖析了农户参与河流治理行为的影响因素,并利用倾向得分匹配模型(PSM)分析了农户作为社会公众,参与河长制对河流生态环境治理效果的影响,比较了在决策、管护、监督3种参与方式下的影响差异。研究结果表明:①农户的综合素质、政府的支持与鼓励以及规章制度和反映渠道的完备程度均显著影响农户参与河流治理;②农户参与河长制将有效提升河流生态环境的治理效果,对提高村庄河流治理水平有显著促进作用;③决策参与、管护参与、监督参与对提升村庄河流治理水平的净效应分别为19.8%、23.7%、31.4%,说明以监督方式参与水环境治理对河长制治理水平的促进作用最明显。本文的研究结论对于重视公众参与力量、完善公众参与制度、构建河流长效治理机制具有一定的借鉴意义。

关键词: 公众参与, 河长制, 河流治理, 治理水平, 参与方式, 倾向得分匹配法(PSM), 江苏省, 湖北省

Abstract:

The River Chief System is a major institutional innovation to solve complex river governance problems in China. The implementation of the River Chief System and its integration into the structure and process of river governance would be a great measure to promote the modernization of river governance system and governance capacity. Based on a questionnaire survey of 677 farmers in Jiangsu and Hubei Provinces, this study used a Logit model to analyze the influencing factors of farmers’ participation in river governance, and used propensity score matching model (PSM) to analyze the impact on river ecological environment governance of farmers’ participation in River Chief System as general public. It then compared the effects of three participation modes of decision-making, maintenance, and supervision. The results show that: (1) The comprehensive quality of farmers, government support and encouragement, as well as the completeness of regulations and reflection channels all significantly affect farmers’ participation in river governance. (2) Farmers’ participation in the River Chief System will improve the governance effect for the river ecological environment, and will play a significant role in improving the governance level for rural surface water environment. (3) The net effects of participation in decision-making, maintenance, and supervision on the improvement of river governance level are 19.8%, 23.7%, and 31.4%, respectively. The results indicate that participation in water environment governance in the form of supervision has the most obvious effect on the improvement of the river governance level. The conclusion of the research has certain reference value for highlighting the importance of public participation, improving public participation system, and developing long-term river governance mechanism.

Key words: public participation, River Chief System, river governance, governance level, participation modes, propensity score matching (PSM), Jiangsu Province, Hubei Province