资源科学 ›› 2021, Vol. 43 ›› Issue (1): 148-160.doi: 10.18402/resci.2021.01.12

• 土地资源 • 上一篇    下一篇

基于TAM-TPB框架的农户宅基地退出决策机理研究

周翼虎1(), 方婷婷2, 李丽1   

  1. 1.南京农业大学公共管理学院,南京 210095
    2.浙江大学公共管理学院,杭州 310058
  • 收稿日期:2019-12-22 修回日期:2020-12-19 出版日期:2021-01-25 发布日期:2021-03-25
  • 作者简介:周翼虎,男,安徽亳州人,博士生,研究方向为土地经济理论与政策。E-mail: zhouyihu86@126.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家社会科学基金重大项目(17ZDA076)

Decision-making mechanism of farmers’ homestead exit based on the TAM-TPB framework

ZHOU Yihu1(), FANG Tingting2, LI li1   

  1. 1. College of Public Administration, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing 210095, China
    2. School of Public Affairs, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058, China
  • Received:2019-12-22 Revised:2020-12-19 Online:2021-01-25 Published:2021-03-25

摘要:

引导农民有序退出宅基地是解决农村建设用地粗放利用问题的重要途径。本文依据技术接受模型-计划行为理论(TAM-TPB)框架构建农户宅基地退出决策模型,重点解析不同经济发展水平地区农户在宅基地退出时的决策过程、影响因素及其异同,并探讨人地关系差异对农户决策产生的影响。结果表明:①农户的宅基地退出意愿主要受行为态度、感知有用性和感知易用性3种因素影响,行为态度是影响各地区农户意愿的直接因素,且在次发达与欠发达地区的影响效应最强;②感知有用性通过直接影响和以行为态度为中介的间接影响两种路径对各地区农户意愿产生正向影响,且在较发达地区的影响效应最强;③感知易用性分别以行为态度和感知有用性为中介变量,对农户意愿产生间接正向影响,但在各地区的影响效应均较弱;④人地关系差异导致较发达地区农户对宅基地换城镇安置房存在排斥,次发达地区农户则更倾向于在原村落获得安置房继续生活,而欠发达地区农户对“以房换房”的补偿方式均表示接受。基于此,应根据地区差异,从重视思想引导、优先就地安置和提升补偿方式灵活性等方面入手,进一步完善农村宅基地退出政策。

关键词: 宅基地退出, 决策机理, TAM-TPB框架, 结构方程模型, 地区差异

Abstract:

Guiding rural households to orderly withdraw from homestead is an important way to solve the problem of extensive utilization of rural construction land. This study constructed a decision model for farmers’ homestead exit based on the technology acceptance model-theory of planned behavior (TAM-TPB) framework, and analyzed the decision-making process of farmers, influencing factors, and their differences in regions with different levels of economic development. This article also discussed the impact of human-land relationship on farmers’ decision making. The results show that: (1) Farmers’ willingness to exit homestead is mainly affected by three factors behavior attitude, perceived usefulness, and perceived ease of use. Behavior attitude is the factor that directly influenced farmers’ willingness in three regions, and the effect is strongest in less developed and under-developed regions. (2) Perceived usefulness has a positive impact on farmers’ willingness in three regions through direct influence and indirect influence mediated by behavior attitude, and the effect is strongest in economically developed regions. (3) Perceived ease of use, with behavior attitude and perceived usefulness as mediating variables, has an indirect positive impact on farmers’ willingness, but the effect is weak in all regions. (4) The difference in human-land relationship led to farmers in developed region rejecting the exchange of homestead for urban resettlement housing; farmers in less developed region are more inclined to accept resettlement housing in the original villages to continue to live there, and farmers in under-developed region accept the compensation method of “house for house”. Based on these, we should place greater emphasis on farmer education, prioritizing local resettlements, and improving the flexibility of compensation methods to further improve the policy of homestead exit.

Key words: homestead exit, decision-making mechanism, technology acceptance model-theory of planned behavior (TAM-TPB) framework, structural equation model, regional differentiation