Resources Science ›› 2019, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (9): 1714-1723.doi: 10.18402/resci.2019.09.12

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Effect of transregional fiscal payment system for cultivated land protection: Taking new construction land compensation fees as an example

CAO Ruifen1,ZHANG Anlu2   

  1. 1. Department of Land Resources Management, Zhejiang Gongshang University, Hangzhou 310018, China
    2. College of Land Management, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan 430070, China
  • Received:2018-12-10 Revised:2019-06-25 Online:2019-09-25 Published:2019-09-25

Abstract:

Transregional fiscal payment system is an important tool for addressing the issue of regional imbalance brought by cultivated land protection. Through horizontal fiscal transfer between areas with different regulatory intensity, the system enables different regions to share the dividends of land-use optimization, which is helpful to the implementation of cultivated land protection. This study comprehensively considered the processes of collecting and distributing the fees for new increased construction land and took the whole process as a kind of transregional fiscal payment, that is, the fees are transferred from the nonagricultural development zone with higher quota of construction land to the cultivated land protection zone with heavy farmland protection task. On this basis, it examined the arable land protection effect of this kind of transregional fiscal payment system with the fees for new increased construction land as the carrier. A dynamic panel data model and system generalized method of moments (SYS-GMM) estimation are employed to verify the theory by using the provincial level panel data in China from 2005 to 2015. The results show that the interprovincial horizontal fiscal transfer payment system based on the fees for new increased construction land could help to mobilize the local governments to protect cultivated land and serve the purpose of protecting arable land, but its role is very limited. Among the two components of the fees, compared to fee distribution, the cultivated land protection effect of fees collection is better in China. This research may contribute to improving the interprovincial horizontal fiscal transfer payment system based on the fees for new increased construction land and promote cultivated land protection.

Key words: cultivated land protection, effect analysis, transregional fiscal payment system, fees for new increased construction land, SYS-GMM