Village relocation and combination can intensify rural residential land use and is one of the important ways to build a new socialist countryside. However,land consolidation involves the vital interests of majority farmers,and residents' satisfaction is an important assessment indicator of the project. We hoped that by analyzing the factors influencing residents' satisfaction,we could determine project problems and put forward countermeasures to provide references for similar projects. We used economic social materials obtained from South-North Community surveys in Qihe County,Shandong,China to analyze satisfaction and influencing factors using a logistic model. We found that the completeness of rural infrastructure,public service facilities and new community construction have significantly improved residents' living environments and raised the average income level of the families. Because of this,the overall satisfaction of residents was higher,and the average score reached 8.03 （out of 10）. Some factors reduced satisfaction,such as the deficiency of new community function,and compensation standards unreasonable. These factors,including residents' cultural level,non-agriculture employment populations,original housing value,amount of family farmland,cost of living,expenditure of decoration and furniture,expenditure of house purchase and living tendency had a significant impact on satisfaction. As the project implementation of the case area required farmers to pay a certain amount of capital,so,economic factors were important factors affecting satisfaction. In the future,when the government implements similar projects it should plan policy promotion,resident participation,planning and design,compensation and new community development to avoid implementation risks and achieve a new socialist countryside.