With development of the social economy,self-driving tours,camping tourism,and outdoor adventures are on the rise. Self-driving and RV camp construction have become important ways to upgrade the infrastructure and develop the leisure economy. With the help of GIS technology,analyzing the overall characteristics of the distribution of national camps,a dendrogram shows the camp aggregation in ten plates,focusing on the driving mechanism for the development of self-driving and RV camp. From a national perspective,the distribution of camps is not in a state of equilibrium condensation （R = 0.588）： the Bohai Rim,Yangtze River Delta,Pearl River Delta,Chengdu-Chongqing,Hunan and Hubei,central part of Inner Mongolia,the central and western part of Yunnan,Yanbian Jilin,west coast of Fujian Strait and northeastern Qinghai are the ten largest plates of camps. Camps tend to cluster in coastal areas,provincial cities and hot spots in central and western tourist cities. The future development of camps will be a new pattern of gathering-diffusion. From the perspective of spatial and temporal trends of self-driving and RV camping,market conditions,natural resources,transportation networks and the policy environment are the main factors affecting camp construction. Among them,the expansion of the consumer market,the increased marketing of camping products and concepts,the attraction of high endowment resources,the support of excellent ecological environments,the improvement of traffic levels and traffic line design,the use of landscape corridor spaces,the support and guidance of national policy and standards setting and planning of local policy are secondary elements that will promote the development of camps.