Resources Science ›› 2020, Vol. 42 ›› Issue (11): 2092-2105.doi: 10.18402/resci.2020.11.04

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Competition among trade passages between Northeast China and Europe:An analysis under the opening of the Arctic shipping route

LI He()   

  1. Northeast Institute of Geography and Agroecology, CAS, Changchun 130102, China
  • Received:2020-09-08 Revised:2020-10-26 Online:2020-11-25 Published:2021-01-25

Abstract:

The opening of the northeast Arctic shipping route provides a new opportunity for the organization and optimization of the trade passages between Northeast China and Europe. Taking transport time and transport cost as the core indices to reflect the competitiveness of different trade passages, this study analyzed the competition among traditional shipping routes, China-Europe Railway Express, and the northeast Arctic shipping route, and identified the optimal paths connecting inland cities with the northeast Arctic shipping route. The results show that compared with the traditional shipping routes and the China-Europe Railway Express, the northeast Arctic shipping route has more advantage in terms of balanced transport time and transport cost. During the seaworthiness period, the northeast Arctic shipping route only has obvious competition with the traditional shipping routes and potential competitions with the China-Europe Railway Express in the coastal logistics nodes of Liaoning Province. For inland cities in Northeast China, connecting with the northeast Arctic shipping route via Liaoning coastal nodes or the Sea of Japan has significant comprehensive advantages. Yingkou, Hunchun, and Suifenhe are the most competitive connecting nodes, with some competitions between the latter two nodes. Northeast China should give full play to the comparative advantages of each trade passage, avoid unreasonable competitions, and form a trade transportation pattern with complementary advantages.

Key words: Arctic shipping route, traditional shipping route, China-Europe Railway Express, trade passages to Europe, Northeast China, competitiveness