Resources Science ›› 2020, Vol. 42 ›› Issue (7): 1298-1310.doi: 10.18402/resci.2020.07.07

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Obstacles and paths for local implantation of rural ecological innovation technologies: A case of implementing natural agricultural technology in Chenzhuang Village

GENG Pei1,2(), CHEN Wen1,3(), YANG Jin4, YANG Liuqing1,2   

  1. 1. Key Laboratory of Watershed Geographic Sciences, Nanjing Institute of Geography & Limnology, CAS, Nanjing 210008, China
    2. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
    3. College of Resources and Environment, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
    4. School of Architecture, Nanjing University of Technology, Nanjing 211816, China
  • Received:2020-01-30 Revised:2020-06-01 Online:2020-07-25 Published:2020-09-25
  • Contact: CHEN Wen E-mail:pp19940611@163.com;wchen@niglas.ac.cn

Abstract:

The implantation of rural ecological innovation technology plays an important role in promoting the sustainable development of rural areas in China and realizing rural revitalization. This article drew on the innovation system theory, took Chenzhuang natural agricultural technology implantation in Jurong City, Jiangsu Province as a case, and combined the interactive relationship between innovation subjects and innovation elements to build an analytical framework for the local implantation of rural ecological innovation technology. The general obstacles and paths of the local implantation of rural ecological innovation technology were analyzed in three aspects: stakeholders, technology supplier, and institutional environment. We collected and analyzed a large number of ecological innovation data in the case area by tracking the rural transformation development and operation experiments carried out in the area in the recent five years, combined with participatory observation, interview of farming households, and questionnaire survey. The study concludes that: (1) On the demand side, that is, the farming households, low level of social trust and the lack of knowledge and skills prevailed. On the supply side, the lack of effective supply of ecological innovation technology and poor local adaptability of technologies were clear. A suitable institutional environment and a healthy ecological product market system were also absent. These three factors were mutually reinforcing, and together constitute a closed loop of obstacles to local implantation of natural agricultural technologies; (2) To break the barriers to local implantation of ecological innovation technologies, effective approaches include community participation and trust building, strengthening cooperation between technical experts and farmers, and establishing an urban-rural relationship market and driving technology implantation by market benefits; (3) “Local” plays an important role in the development process of rural ecological innovation. For example, local resource endowments, rural residents’ own situation, and urban-rural locational relationship all play important roles in different stages of rural ecological innovation technology implantation.

Key words: sustainable rural development, ecological innovation technology, natural farming method, local implantation, obstacles and paths, Chenzhuang Village,Jurong City,Jiangsu Province