Resources Science ›› 2019, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (2): 338-351.doi: 10.18402/resci.2019.02.12

• Orginal Article • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Mode of classified treatment of rural domestic wastes and suggestions

Yajuan JIA1,2(), Minjuan ZHAO1(), Xianli XIA1, Liuyang YAO3   

  1. 1. College of Economics and Management, Northwest A&F University, Yangling 712100, China
    2. School of Management, Xi’an University of Finance and Economics, Xi’an 710100, China
    3. International Business School of Shaanxi Normal University, Xi’an 710119, China
  • Received:2018-07-25 Revised:2018-10-17 Online:2019-02-25 Published:2019-02-25

Abstract:

Classified treatment of rural domestic wastes is an important practice of the implementation of the rural revitalization strategy, and an important part of improving the quality of human settlement environment and realizing people’s longing for a better life. Based on the survey of pilot areas of rural domestic wastes classified treatment and resource utilization in Shaanxi and from the perspective of supply main body, this paper compares the basic situation, the practice mode of classified treatment, and the main body of supply of the four pilot villages using the case analysis method and further comprehensively evaluates the degree of end classification of domestic wastes, resource utilization rate, annual unit cost resource utilization, reduction and harmless treatment effect of each pilot village. The analysis shows that capital investment is one of the keys to solving the problem of rural domestic wastes. For most ordinary rural areas, the treatment mode cannot be simply copied. Instead, an effective waste classified treatment mode will be selected according to local conditions with reference made to the practice mode of the pilot villages. Therefore, in order to fully realize the classified treatment of rural domestic wastes, it is necessary not only to encourage the government, the market, the third sector, rural communities and farmers to participate in cooperative supply so as to raise funds through multiple channels and in multiple ways, but also to strengthen publicity, reward and punishment, and improve the rural domestic waste treatment system combining the rule of law, the rule of virtue, and self-governance.

Key words: rural, domestic wastes, classified treatment, resource utilization, practice mode, development suggestions, main body of supply