Resources Science ›› 2019, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (1): 9-22.doi: 10.18402/resci.2019.01.02

• Orginal Article • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Study on the transformation of cropland protection under the background of rehabilitation system

Yuzhe WU(), Zhiyi XU   

  1. Department of Land Resource Management, School of Public Administration, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, 310058, China
  • Received:2018-11-29 Online:2019-01-25 Published:2019-01-25

Abstract:

China has implemented the most stringent cropland protection system in the world with remarkable results. On the background of the new era, the government has initiated a implementation plan for the rehabilitating of cultivated land, grassland, rivers and lakes, as well as the protection and improvement of the "trinity" of the quantity, quality, and ecology of cropland. However, the supporting cropland system is obviously lagging, which seriously affects the promotion of cropland protection. This paper analyzes the realistic pulse of the protection system of cropland from the following aspects: the analysis of the rehabilitation concept, the problems such as the inconsistency of basic data in the system of cultivated land protection in China, the unscientific system of occupation and compensation, and the failure to establish a spatial planning system for cultivated land and the evolution of the protection system of international farm land. We also characterize the institutional mechanism of the transformation of cropland protection from four aspects: the temporal and spatial pattern, the quality, the security, and the incentive mechanism of farm land. It is the time-space pattern of “one line, one belt, three districts, and six spaces,” the quality management of refined farmland, the incentive mechanism of cultivated land security protection, ecological compensation, and ecological cultural cognition based on Living Cropland Index. From the forward-looking vision of ecological integration and cultural development, the framework of the ecological pattern of sustainable development of farm land has been constructed. It has a significant reference to improve the current farm land protection system in China, to adapt to the implementation of practical work, and to promote to the overall goal of ecological civilization-oriented cropland protection system in China.

Key words: land use policy, rehabilitate, the protection of cropland, rotation fallow, eco-compensation, ecosystem, spatial, distribution