Resources Science ›› 2015, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (9): 1825-1833.

• Orginal Article • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Self-development abilities of farmers in the northeast grain production area of China

HUANG Xinxin(), AN Pingli(), CAI Lujia, WANG Fangtian, LI Sheng, LI Xueming   

  1. Department of Land Resources Management,China Agricultural University,Beijing 100193,China
  • Received:2015-03-24 Revised:2015-05-19 Online:2015-09-25 Published:2015-09-25

Abstract:

The self-development ability of farmers is vital to ensure food security and to understanding three dimensional rural issues. Here,we developed the concept of farmer self-development ability and proposed a study at three levels:intention layer,behavior layer and the performance layer. An evaluation index system of farmer self-development ability was established and includes four basic methods:the ability to obtain information,ability to manage risk,ability to use resources and supporting ability of the environment. We studied farmer self-development ability in the northeast grain main production area of China. We found that the ability of farmers to obtain information in the northeast grain main production area is below average;the main reason is narrow information channels. In the face of disasters like drought,the ability to manage risk is low. Farmers’ performance in the disaster is insufficient,and low yield stability after a disaster is common. The ability of farmers to use resources is located at a mid-level,but their intention to use resources needs to be improved to improve potential resource utilization. In general,farmers’ self-development ability is low. The shortage and aging of agricultural labor and a low level of knowledge are the main factors limiting self-development abilities. The government has to pay attention to farmer characteristics and arable land use efficiency in order to improve self-development capacity in the farming community.

Key words: farmers, self-development ability, information, risk, resource, environment, northeast grain main production area of China