Resources Science ›› 2015, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (9): 1747-1754.

• Orginal Article • Previous Articles     Next Articles

An overview of the resilience of agro-ecosystems

LI Xiao(), ZHOU Dingyang()   

  1. College of Resources Science and Technology,Beijing Normal University,Beijing 100875,China
  • Received:2014-06-29 Revised:2015-06-10 Online:2015-09-25 Published:2015-09-25

Abstract:

As an important attribute of the social-ecological system,resilience is essential for the sustainability of complex systems to implement sustainable development. On the basis of understanding existing results,this review summarizes the concept of resilience and the resilience of agro-ecosystems. Then it combs research progress of resilience of agro-ecosystems from influence factors,evaluation and scale effects in China and internationally in recent years,summarizes factors influencing the resilience of agro-ecosystems from two aspects of natural factors (water resources,land resources and climate resources)and social factors (economic conditions,resources management system,social characteristics,etc),discusses the influences of resilience of agro-ecosystems at different time and space scales,sums up the methodology of resilience of agro-ecosystems from the aspects of qualitative and quantitative evaluation. We point out that we should focus on using multi-scale coupling analysis and quantitative analysis in future research into the resilience of agro-ecosystems,strengthen research into more vulnerable areas of climate change,and pay attention to the role of social factors in the research of the resilience of agro-ecosystems.

Key words: agro-ecosystems, natural resources, resilience, scale effects, social dimension