Resources Science ›› 2018, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (11): 2153-2167.doi: 10.18402/resci.2018.11.02

• Orginal Article • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Sino-Russian forestry cooperation pattern and resource potential under "the Belt and Road" initiative

Yulong YAO1,2(), Bin SHAO1, Zehong LI1,2()   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
    2. University of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2018-09-10 Revised:2018-10-12 Online:2018-11-20 Published:2018-11-12


Russia is an important partner of China's “the Belt and Road” initiative and an important part of “the Silk Road Economic Belt. ” Russia's forest resources and reserves are in the forefront of the world, and have long been the main source of imports of timber resources in China. This study has carried out the characterization of the key directions, cooperation main bodies and main regions of Sino-Russian forest resources cooperation, main areas and models, variety structure of timber resources, the quantity and flow direction of Sino-Russian timber resource trade, variety structure, and timber resource transportation channel and further identified the problems in the corporations of Sino-Russian timber resources. It is noted that the historical and realistic analysis of the pattern of Sino-Russian forest resources cooperation was evaluated. A systematic study was carried out from the aspects of spatial distribution of forest resources, tree species structure, proportion of recoverable forests, infrastructure and technical conditions for forest resource development, and investment environment for Russian forest resource development policies. Through data analysis and demonstration, the resource potential, key areas, key areas of cooperation, and feasible models of Sino-Russian forestry cooperation development under “the Belt and Road” initiative were clarified. Meanwhile, it is pointed out that Sino-Russian forestry cooperation and development should fully consider the impact of local industrial policies, environmental protection and various regulations, take into account the interests of all parties, and achieve mutual benefit and win-win cooperation in forestry cooperation and development between the two countries. It is essential to further strengthen the forestry cooperation at all levels of China and Russia, actively build various forms of wood processing industrial parks, explore various cooperation modes, integrate various resources, and improve the competitiveness of forestry enterprises.

Key words: the Belt and Road, Sino-Russian, forestry cooperation, resource potential