Resources Science ›› 2015, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (9): 1871-1879.

• Orginal Article • Previous Articles    

Interactions between inbound tourism from nine Asian countries and import and export trade

SHI Zhangyu(), ZHOU Baohua(), SHEN Jinghong, ZHU Lei   

  1. School of Resource and Environment,Anqing Normal University,Anqing 246011,China
  • Received:2014-11-17 Revised:2015-06-15 Online:2015-09-25 Published:2015-09-25


International tourism and international trade are two mutual connections and influence systems. International tourism can push international trade;international trade also promotes international tourism and these two are often synchronously developing in many countries. Based on relative data from 1997 to 2012 for inbound tourism from nine Asian countries and import and export trade between China and the same nine countries,we analyzed the interactive relationship between inbound tourism and two kinds of trade using the co-integration test,Granger causality test and regression analysis. We found that inbound tourism to China and two kinds of trade with China form a long term and stable equilibrium relationship. The results of Granger causality test indicate that interaction relationships of different countries’ inbound tourism and import and export trade are different due to high diversity in trade scale and structure,the level of tourism industry development and economic development. The states of Japan,South Korea,Malaysia and India belong to tourism-promoting trade; the states of Mongolia,Indonesia,Singapore and Thailand belong to trade stimulating tourism; the Philippines is a tourism and trade mixed type. Regression analysis shows that interaction strength between inbound tourism to China and import and export trade with China have obvious differences. The promoting role of Malaysia’s inbound tourism to import trade is the largest;and the pushing role of Indonesia’s import trade to inbound tourism is the largest. Conclusions show the different characteristics and interactive relationships between inbound tourism and import and export trade,and provide referential suggestions for developing inbound tourism industry and formulating international trade policy.

Key words: inbound tourism, import and export trade, interaction model, granger causality test, regression analysis