Resources Science ›› 2021, Vol. 43 ›› Issue (11): 2303-2315.doi: 10.18402/resci.2021.11.13

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Environmental-friendly behaviors of different floating population groups: The mediation effect of lifestyle

FANG Xiang(), ZHOU Yujiao()   

  1. School of Sociology and Anthropology, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China
  • Received:2021-02-21 Revised:2021-06-17 Online:2021-11-25 Published:2022-01-27
  • Contact: ZHOU Yujiao

Abstract:

This study explored the differences of environmental-friendly behaviors of the floating population and examined how the change of lifestyle can promote environmental-friendly behaviors. Based on the data of CGSS 2013, this study used the multiple linear regression model to examine the impact of three types of mobility on private environmental-friendly behavior and public environmental-friendly behavior, analyzed the mediation effect of lifestyles, and conducted a robustness test by using the propensity score matching method. The research findings indicate that: (1) the two types of environmental-friendly behaviors (private and public) of rural-urban floating population are significantly superior to those of rural local population. There are no significant differences in the two types of environmental-friendly behaviors between urban floating population and urban local residents. (2) the impacts of migrants on private environmental-friendly behavior are partly mediated by the two lifestyles (consumption and leisure activities), while the influence of the floating population on public environmental-friendly behavior is entirely produced by the mediation of lifestyles. (3) after considering the sample selection bias, the migration decision of the rural population will still increase the private environmental-friendly behavior. In short, mobility makes people break away from the original environmental value system and improve environmental-friendly behavior through lifestyle changes, which are of positive significance to the optimization of China’s ecological environment.

Key words: environmental-friendly behavior, lifestyle, migration, propensity score matching method, mediation effect