Resources Science ›› 2021, Vol. 43 ›› Issue (11): 2289-2302.doi: 10.18402/resci.2021.11.12

Previous Articles     Next Articles

Factors influencing public participation in urban water environmental governance: Based on the survey data in Beijing, Shanghai, and Guangzhou

SHEN Jinyu1(), WANG Yuqi1, ZHAO Zheng2()   

  1. 1. College of Economics and Management, South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou 510642, China
    2. College of Tourism, Shanghai Normal University, Shanghai 200234, China
  • Received:2021-03-03 Revised:2021-05-19 Online:2021-11-25 Published:2022-01-25
  • Contact: ZHAO Zheng

Abstract:

Understanding the determinants of public willingness to participate in urban water environmental governance plays a significant role in improving water environmental governance performance. Based on 2051 questionnaires from Beijing, Shanghai, and Guangzhou, this study used a double-hurdle model to analyze the factors that affect the public participation willingness and degree of urban water environmental governance, and conducted an interpretative structural model analysis to explore the mechanism of interaction of participation willingness. The results show that: (1) Of the survey participants, 74.3%are willing to participate in urban water environmental governance, and they are willing to pay around 12.29 Yuan/year for this purpose; (2) There are significant differences in the determinants of public willingness and degree to participate in urban water environmental governance, and disposable income, frequency of visits to urban water environment and duration of stay, cognition of landscape and entertainment value of urban water environment, and perception of the overall ecological condition of urban water environment have significant impact on their degree of participation; (3) The fundamental factors (education level, age, distance between residence and urban water environment) impact the intermediary factors (perception of overall ecological condition of urban water environment, cognition of ecological value of urban water environment), then influence the direct driving factor (environmental responsibility awareness), and ultimately affect the public participation willingness in urban water environmental governance. To conclude, this article suggests that policymakers should enhance the propaganda of environmental protection, design awarding policy for public participation, and further improve the information exchange mechanism between the government and the public.

Key words: urban water environmental governance, public participation, double-hurdle model, interpretative structural modeling, Beijing,Shanghai,and Guangzhou