Resources Science ›› 2021, Vol. 43 ›› Issue (7): 1403-1418.doi: 10.18402/resci.2021.07.10

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The influence path of farmers’ homestead withdrawal behavior in poor areas:From the family life cycle perspective

GAO Yuan1(), SUN Pengfei2, ZHAO Kai1()   

  1. 1. College of Economics and Management, Northwest A&F University, Yangling 712100, China
    2. College of Economics and Management, Shandong Agricultural University, Tai’an 271018, China
  • Received:2020-07-27 Revised:2020-12-23 Online:2021-07-25 Published:2021-08-27
  • Contact: ZHAO Kai

Abstract:

Exploring the paths of influence of farmers’ homestead exiting behavior in poor areas has important theoretical and practical significance for implementing the homestead withdrawal policy. Based on the planned behavior theory and the survey data of 333 farming households in Jinzhai County of Anhui Province the only poor county in the pilot counties of China’s rural homestead reform program, a structural equation model was used to explore the paths of influence of homestead exiting behavior of farmers from the perspective of family life cycle. Differences in the paths of influence of different types of families were also compared and analyzed. The results show that the homestead exiting behavior of rural households in poor areas basically follows the theory of planned behavior, and the influence paths include “behavior attitude → willingness to withdraw → withdrawal behavior” and “subjective norms → willingness to withdraw → withdrawal behavior”. Subjective norms are the dominant factor, followed by behavior attitude, and the willingness of rural households to withdraw from homesteads significantly positively affects their withdrawal behavior. Different types of family homesteads have different influence paths for the withdrawal behavior. The influence paths of families with high demand for support and elderly-care families are “behavior attitude → withdrawal willingness → withdrawal behavior” and “subjective norms → withdrawal willingness → withdrawal behavior”. The influence path of child-raising families is “subjective norms → withdrawal willingness → withdrawing behavior”, and the influence of subjective norms on the child-raising families is stronger than that of elderly-care families and families with high demand for support. This article further put forward some recommendations: implementing different incentive policies for farmers’ homestead withdraw for different types of families, effective use of rural social relations and social networks, improving supporting policies after homestead withdraw, strict implementation of information disclosure and timely payment systems for homestead withdrawal compensation funds, and so on.

Key words: homestead withdrawal, the influence path, planned behavior theory, family life cycle, poor areas, Jinzhai County of Anhui Province