Resources Science ›› 2021, Vol. 43 ›› Issue (7): 1387-1402.doi: 10.18402/resci.2021.07.09

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Impact of risk expectation, citizenization perception, and farmers’ cognition on the relocated rural households’ homestead withdrawal

SHI Peng(), YU Jin()   

  1. College of Economics and Management, Northwest A&F University, Yangling 712100, China
  • Received:2020-08-03 Revised:2021-07-12 Online:2021-07-25 Published:2021-08-27
  • Contact: YU Jin

Abstract:

Funds and land are two important constraints for poverty alleviation-related relocation to continuously promote poverty reduction of the relocated rural households in the “post-relocation” period, and the key to address this issue is to withdraw from relocated households’ old homestead. This study constructed a theoretical framework of the path of impact of risk expectation, citizenization perception, and farmers’ cognition on farmers’ homestead exit based on the improved planned behavior theory, and used a hybrid structural equation model and the survey data of 1250 households from eight counties (districts) in Shaanxi Province to test the impact. We also tested the moderating effect of resettlement mode, age, and policy cognition. The results show that risk expectation and citizenization perception have a significant direct impact on exit behavior, which are -0.371 and 0.379, respectively, and they also indirectly affect exit behavior through the transmission mechanism of farmers’ cognition and exit intention. On the whole, homestead exit behavior is affected by three mechanisms: the spontaneity of farmers’ cognition, policy synergistic effect of the citizenization perception, and binding effect of risk expectation. The group test results show that in the urbanization resettlement mode, risk expectation and citizenization perception have a higher impact on exit behavior. Elderly farmers’ risk expectation has stronger constraint on behavior attitude and exit behavior, while their synergistic effect is lower. Policy cognition will increase the pulling effect of farmers’ citizenization perception on exit behavior, and reduce the resistance of risk expectation. So there are three ways to realize the smooth exit of homesteads. On the one hand, it is necessary to activate the “spontaneity” of farmers’ participation. On the other hand, it is important to enhance the synergistic effect of the relocation by strengthening famers’ citizenization perception and to reduce the binding effect of risk expectation by strengthening employment support and optimizing the convergence of social security system before and after resettlement. It is necessary to adopt more differentiated policies according to the resettlement modes and age of the farmers and continuously improve the policy cognition to efficiently promote the household homestead exit behavior.

Key words: homestead withdrawal, poverty alleviation-related relocation, risk expectation, citizenization perception, planned behavior theory, mixed SEM, Shaanxi Province