Resources Science ›› 2021, Vol. 43 ›› Issue (7): 1277-1292.doi: 10.18402/resci.2021.07.01

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Research hotspots and prospects of homestead withdrawal and reuse

ZHANG Bailin1(), ZHANG Fengrong2(), QU Yanbo3, JIANG Guanghui4, XIE Zhen5, CAI Weimin1   

  1. 1. School of Environmental Science and Engineering, Tiangong University, Tianjin 300387, China
    2. College of Land Science and Technology, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100193, China
    3. School of Public Management, Shandong University of Finance and Economics, Jinan 250014, China
    4. School of Natural Resources, Faculty of Geographical Science, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
    5. School of Public Management, Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University, Fuzhou 350002, China
  • Received:2021-04-21 Revised:2021-07-10 Online:2021-07-25 Published:2021-08-27
  • Contact: ZHANG Fengrong


Exploring the separation of ownership, qualification right, and use right of homestead and promoting the withdrawal and reuse of idle homesteads is an important task for land system reform. In this study, CiteSpace and document analysis method were used for the bibliometric analysis to identify hotspots of homestead withdrawal and reuse research and analyze its progress. The results show that: (1) With the transfer of rural population to urban areas and village hollowing, the willingness and behavior of farmers’ homestead withdrawal became a hot research topic, and relevant studies gradually focus on the relationship between them and satisfaction of farmers in the process; the mechanism and models of withdrawal are the core of homestead withdrawal research. In existing research scholars have constructed the incentive and constraint mechanism of homestead withdrawal and income distribution and guarantee mechanism, and extracted and analyzed the homestead withdrawal models and their applicability in typical areas; the compensation of homestead withdrawal and farmers’ interest after withdrawal have also become the focus of research. (2) Under the background of “Separation of Three Rights”, research on the reuse of homesteads after withdrawal became the key and hotspots of reform of the homestead system, which focuses on the ways of reuse, models, and approaches. The ways of homestead reuse focus on reclamation for farmland and green land, and transfer to other farmers for the same use or as land for new industries and commercial activities; the models of homestead reuse can be divided into development model and organization mode; the approaches of homestead reuse include trading, leasing, equity, and joint operation. (3) In the future, the research of homestead withdrawal and reuse should aim at rural revitalization, focusing on homestead value evaluation, models of reuse, and benefits of reuse, promoting the reform of rural homestead “Separation of Rights”. Future research should also focus on sustainable livelihoods of farmers and rural social sustainability to improve the homestead withdrawal and reuse policy system, and promote land system reform.

Key words: homestead withdrawal, homestead reuse, reform of the homestead system, Separation of Three Rights, hotspots and prospects