Resources Science ›› 2021, Vol. 43 ›› Issue (6): 1193-1207.doi: 10.18402/resci.2021.06.11

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Evaluation of industrial land use efficiency of China’s three major urban agglomerations under technology heterogeneity

HAN Haibin(), NIU Kemeng   

  1. School of Public Administration, Tianjin University of Commerce, Tianjin 300134, China
  • Received:2020-09-11 Revised:2021-01-19 Online:2021-06-25 Published:2021-08-25

Abstract:

Improving the industrial land use efficiency and tapping into the potential for conserving industrial land are feasible ways to alleviate the conflict between the supply and demand of industrial land in urban agglomerations and promote green and sustainable development. This study incorporated undesirable outputs into the evaluation system of industrial land use efficiency. Using the meta-frontier generalized directional distance function model (MGDDF), this study explored the industrial land use efficiency in the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei, Yangtze River Delta, and Pearl River Delta urban agglomerations with consideration of technology heterogeneity in these regions from 2003 to 2016. The results show that: (1) Under the meta-frontier, there are differences in industrial land use efficiency among the three urban agglomerations. The industrial land use efficiency of the Pearl River Delta is the highest, followed by the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region, and the Yangtze River Delta has the lowest efficiency. (2) The loss of industrial land use efficiency in the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei and Pearl River Delta urban agglomerations mainly stem from management inefficiency, while the source of the loss of industrial land use efficiency in the Yangtze River Delta urban agglomeration has no obvious bias and the contribution of management inefficiency and technical inefficiency is roughly the same. (3) According to the decomposition results of industrial land use efficiency loss, the cities in the three urban agglomerations are divided into four types: maintaining the status quo, intra-group learning, overall improvement, and cross-group learning. This study would be useful for revealing the source of the loss of industrial land use efficiency in the three urban agglomerations and for tapping into the potential of industrial land conservation in the three urban agglomerations, which may have practical implications to formulating high-quality industrial land utilization policies in urban agglomerations.

Key words: technology heterogeneity, meta-frontier, industrial land use efficiency, generalized directional distance function, undesirable output, urban agglomerations