Resources Science ›› 2021, Vol. 43 ›› Issue (5): 909-920.doi: 10.18402/resci.2021.05.05

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A review of land tenure security and farmers’ behaviors of land improvement

LI Bo1,2(), WANG Ruimei1()   

  1. 1. School of Economics and Management, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100089, China
    2. School of Economics and Management, Tarim University, Alaer 843300, China
  • Received:2020-03-09 Revised:2020-08-10 Online:2021-05-25 Published:2021-07-25
  • Contact: WANG Ruimei

Abstract:

In the absence of external incentives and economic compensation, stable land tenure is the basis for farmers to protect the ecological environment of cultivated land. At present, research on the impact of land tenure security on farmers’ land improvement behaviors has been conducted both in China and internationally. In order to identify general conclusions of relevant research and provide thoughts for follow-up research, this study used literature analysis to examine the existing literature. The main conclusions are as follows: (1) The connotation and extension of land tenure security vary with the practice of property rights and the development of land market in different countries. Under the “separation of powers” in China, both involuntary land adjustment and voluntary transfer of rights are involved. (2) Based on the analysis of the mechanism of impact, credit supply and technological and service constraints are the potential regulating factors that restrict the influence of land tenure in promoting land improvement in practice. (3) Of the sample literature, 82.5% supports the conclusion that stable land tenure can promote the improvement of cultivated land. But when land tenure involves the leasing of cultivated land by farmers, there may be a reversed or nonsignificant relationship. (4) The number of the key independent variables and the difference of the research area lead to the inconvergence of the research results. Based on the current research progress, future research needs to pay attention to specific local situations. In the context of China, it is necessary to combine the practice of agronomy to expand the research on different land-improving behaviors. The stability of land rights caused by the transfer of contract right and management right and the protection effect of cultivated land also need to be considered.

Key words: land ecological environment, land tenure security, review, land improvement, contract right security, management right security