Resources Science ›› 2021, Vol. 43 ›› Issue (4): 652-668.doi: 10.18402/resci.2021.04.02

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China’s carbon emission responsibility and image from the perspective of global supply chain

LIU Hongda1, ZHANG Jijian2(), ZHANG Xi3   

  1. 1. School of Management, Shanghai University, Shanghai 200444, China
    2. School of Finance, Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang 212013, China
    3. Glorious Sun School of Business & Management, Donghua University, Shanghai 200051, China;
  • Received:2020-09-24 Revised:2021-01-02 Online:2021-04-25 Published:2021-06-25
  • Contact: ZHANG Jijian

Abstract:

Under the goal of carbon neutrality, adjusting the carbon emission relationship between countries based on the supply chain and clarifying China’s carbon emission responsibilities and image is of great significance for China to deepen green development and realize low-carbon transformation. Based on the perspective of global supply chain, introduce carbon emission issues in production and trade, and build a carbon supply chain measurement and analysis model. Based on the data of 43 countries in the WIOD database from 2008 to 2014, this paper first clarifies China’s domestic production length and foreign production length at the production end of the carbon supply chain, as well as China’s carbon export and carbon import scale at the trade end of the carbon supply chain; second, summary It also measures the net carbon exports and domestic carbon emissions of 19 major countries in the world, including China and the United States, and compares and analyzes the carbon leakage and carbon emission reductions of the above-mentioned countries, so as to analyze and characterize China’s carbon emissions responsibility and image. Finally, based on the production and trade end of the carbon supply chains of 19 major countries in the world, we summarize the domestic and foreign conditions of the carbon supply chains of each country, and further explore China’s carbon emission responsibility and image adjustment direction from the perspective of the global supply chain. The results show that: (1) China’s domestic production length presents the characteristics of secondary, tertiary, and first industrial cascading attenuation, and foreign production lengths are obviously decreasing, and key industries such as energy and electrical are in a low-end lock-in dilemma; (2) China’s annual average carbon exports and carbon imports are respectively The carbon scale reached 880.375 MT and 401.328 MT, ranking the top in the world; (3) China contributed 41.21% of the net carbon export share, and the US, Britain and Japan rules formed a carbon leakage gap of 686.511 MT. China is the world’s largest net carbon exporter in the world. The supply chain system assumes active carbon emission responsibilities; The carbon emissions in China, the United States and Russia have reached more than 1000 MT, but China’s carbon emission reduction rate has reached 3.79%, which is significantly higher than the United States’ 2.07% and Russia’s -1.05%. Utilization rate presents the image of carbon emission reduction; (4) China’s domestic and foreign carbon supply chains are in a state of “wild boar”, and the quality of carbon supply chains needs to be improved; developed countries mostly appear in the state of “buffalo” in domestic carbon supply chains, with a shrinking economy Reduced production capacity and carbon emissions; in foreign carbon supply chains, most developed countries have a “turtle-like” characteristic, with weak carbon emission reductions and shirk responsibility for carbon emissions. Therefore, China must adjust its industrial structure for production links, get rid of industrial dependence, continue to uphold the responsibility of a major country in reducing carbon emissions, and present a positive image of carbon emissions.

Key words: carbon supply chain, world input-output table, carbon emission responsibility, image, carbon leakage, carbon emission reduction, China