Resources Science ›› 2021, Vol. 43 ›› Issue (2): 209-216.doi: 10.18402/resci.2021.02.01

    Next Articles

Perspective on the development of Hainan Free Trade Zone (Port) from a political geography approach

LIU Yungang1(), LIU Xuanyu2   

  1. 1. School of Geography, South China Normal University, Guangzhou 510631, China
    2. School of Geography and Planning, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China
  • Received:2020-12-08 Revised:2021-01-13 Online:2021-02-25 Published:2021-04-25


The current situation in China and internationally is undergoing profound and complex changes, under which China needs to actively participate in and promote the process of economic globalization and the development of a higher level of open economy. Based on the political geography theories, this article discussed the theoretical basis of the establishment of a free trade port (FTP), used the concept of island to explore the geographical nature, situation, and extension of the construction of the Hainan FTP, and gave a preliminary consideration to the development prospect of the Hainan FTP. The research results show that the Hainan FTP has three goals and strategies: economic integration, regional influence, and global geopolitical competition, and its development processes reflect the integration of geopolitics and geostrategy. The Hainan FTP is a new development in the economic field of hierarchical sovereign management policies, as well as a conscious and proactive national re-scaling spatial development strategy in China, which has the dual processes of removing/reexpanding sideways. At the local level, the construction of the free trade port is an opportunity for Hainan Province to realize the spatial governance of urban areas in the future. At the national level, the Hainan FTP is an important strategic fulcrum for China to implement the “Belt and Road” initiative. Finally, the importance of the concepts of scale and island meta-geography to the study of island economy is reiterated.

Key words: island, political geography, graduated sovereignty, Hainan Free Trade Port, Hainan Island