Resources Science ›› 2021, Vol. 43 ›› Issue (1): 122-133.doi: 10.18402/resci.2021.01.10

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Change of energy consumption pattern and its impact on economic development in China

ZHAO Nana1(), WANG Zhibao1(), LI Hongmei2   

  1. 1. College of Geography and Environment, Shandong Normal University, Jinan 250358, China
    2. Heze Medical College, Heze 274000, China
  • Received:2019-12-30 Revised:2020-07-10 Online:2021-01-25 Published:2021-03-25
  • Contact: WANG Zhibao

Abstract:

This study used differentiated energy Kuznets curve (EKC) to analyze the change of energy consumption pattern in provinces of China’s mainland and its impact on economic development, in order to determine the quantitative relationship in different stages. The main conclusions are as follows: (1) China’s energy consumption and economic growth changed from high energy consumption and low growth to high energy consumption and high growth, and to low energy consumption and high growth, but there are large spatial and temporal differences in various provinces, forming a differentiated EKC, which can be roughly divided into six types; (2) The starting points of EKC in different provinces and regions in China are different. The higher the economic development level of the turning point in the process, the lower the energy consumption intensity, and the EKC in some provinces clearly deviated from theoretical estimation, showing differentiated trajectories of EKC change; (3) Since 1953, energy consumption has been the dominant factor driving China’s economic development, but the role of technological progress continues to strengthen. In general, the low-energy and high-growth pattern was formed under the influence of energy consumption and technological progress, and technological progress’s contribution rate is currently low. In the future, the economic growth brought about by technological progress will gradually expand, and the economic growth due to energy consumption will remain stable.

Key words: energy consumption pattern, economic development model, energy Kuznets curve, mechanism of influence, China