Resources Science ›› 2021, Vol. 43 ›› Issue (1): 82-93.doi: 10.18402/resci.2021.01.07

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Spatiotemporal evolution of China’s high quality economic development and its driving mechanism of scientific and technological innovation

SUN Yixuan(), CHENG Yu(), LIU Na   

  1. College of Geography and Environment, Shandong Normal University, Jinan 250358, China
  • Received:2020-02-19 Revised:2020-05-11 Online:2021-01-25 Published:2021-03-25
  • Contact: CHENG Yu

Abstract:

Scientific and technological innovation plays an important role in the transformation of regional economic development model. It also has an important impact on the improvement of high quality economic development. This study was conducted in 30 provinces (municipalities, autonomous regions) of China. The super-efficiency slack-based measurement (Super-SBM) model was used to calculate the high quality development efficiency of China’s economy from 2000 to 2017 and analyze its temporal and spatial evolution characteristics. The spatial panel data regression model was used to explore the driving mechanism of technological innovation on high quality economic development. The conclusions are as following: (1) As a whole, the efficiency of high quality economic development has been on the rise, with the average value changed from 0.18 in 2000 to 0.44 in 2017. Spatially, there is a decline from the east coast to the central and western parts of the country. (2) From the overall regression results, the factors of scientific and technological innovation (the number of patents authorized, the proportion of R&D expenditure in GDP, and the full-time equivalent of R&D personnel) have a great driving effect on high quality economic development. Among the control variables, urbanization level and marketization degree also have a positive driving effect on high quality economic development, while industrial structure and environmental regulation show a inhibiting effect. (3) The regression results of the four regions show that high quality economic development in different regions is greatly driven by various factors of scientific and technological innovation. The eastern region is strongly driven by the number of patents authorized and the proportion of R&D expenditure in GDP. The number of patents authorized, the proportion of R&D expenditure in GDP, and the full-time equivalent of R&D personnel all have a positive driving effect on the western region. However, the central region and the northeast region are driven by the number of patents authorized and the full-time equivalent of R&D personnel respectively.This study provides an important reference for countries and regions to improve the level of scientific and technological innovation and economic development.

Key words: high quality economic development, scientific and technological innovation, Super-SBM model, STIRPAT model, driving mechanism, China