Resources Science ›› 2020, Vol. 42 ›› Issue (12): 2314-2327.doi: 10.18402/resci.2020.12.05

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Natural resource endowment, path selection of technological progress, and green economic growth: An empirical research based on China’s provincial panel data

MENG Wangsheng1,2(), ZHANG Yang3()   

  1. 1. School of Economics, Gansu University of Political Science and Law, Lanzhou 730070, China
    2. Economic Development Research Center of Western Region, Gansu University of Political Science and Law, Lanzhou 730070, China
    3. International Business School, Shaanxi Normal University, Xi’an 710119, China
  • Received:2019-11-16 Revised:2020-04-30 Online:2020-12-25 Published:2021-02-25
  • Contact: ZHANG Yang;


The core of green economic growth is high-speed economic growth based on resource conservation and environmental improvement. A common phenomenon in China’s economic growth presently is that natural resource-rich areas often face more severe resource and environmental problems. On the basis of reviewing existing research, this study first analyzed the relationship between natural resource endowment and green economic growth by choosing the way of technological progress as the intermediary variable. Second, under the framework of data envelopment analysis (DEA), it used the non-radial direction distance function method with global reference to build the measurement of green growth efficiency of provinces in China, and set up the panel data samples. Third, based on the characteristics of sample data and theoretical analyses, an econometric model was constructed to analyze the impact of resource endowment on green growth efficiency through technological progress. The conclusions are as follows: (1) Natural resource endowments inhibit green growth efficiency; (2) Resource endowments have crowding-out effect on technology innovation and promoting effect on technology import; (3) Technology innovation is conducive to the improvement of green growth efficiency, while technology import is not. This research has theoretical and practical significance for areas rich in natural resources to save resource and improve the environment and realize green and high-quality development.

Key words: green economic growth, natural resource endowment, technology innovation, technology import, foreign direct investment (FDI), non-radial directional distance function (NDDF)