Resources Science ›› 2020, Vol. 42 ›› Issue (12): 2274-2284.doi: 10.18402/resci.2020.12.02

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Spatiotemporal change of urban green development efficiency in the Yellow River Basin and influencing factors

YUE Li(), XUE Dan()   

  1. School of Economics, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou 730000, China
  • Received:2020-04-17 Revised:2020-07-03 Online:2020-12-25 Published:2021-02-25
  • Contact: XUE Dan E-mail:mgliang@lzu.edu.cn;xuedan2748409@163.com

Abstract:

The Yellow River Basin plays an important role in the economic development and ecological security in China. Based on the panel data of 57 cities in the Yellow River Basin from 2005 to 2017, this study calculated the urban green development efficiency of the basin using the super-SBM (slacks-based measure) model, and constructed a Tobit model to empirically analyze the influencing factors of the green development efficiency of the basin. The results of this paper were as follows: (1) The overall green development efficiency of the basin is fluctuating and rising, with the highest in the upper reaches, followed by the lower reaches and the lowest is found in the middle reaches. The high efficiency values are concentrated in provincial capital cities such as Xining, Zhengzhou, Xi’an, and Taiyuan, and regional central cities such as Zhongwei, Wuwei, and Ordos. (2) Economic development and industrial structure upgrading can significantly improve the green development efficiency of the basin. The impact of urbanization on the green development efficiency of the basin presents a U-shaped curve. The use of foreign capital and science and technology development level have a negative impact on the green development efficiency of the basin. The impact of environmental regulations on the green development efficiency is not obvious. (3) The science and technology level and FDI have no significant impact on the green development efficiency of the upper reaches. The level of economic development has limited impact on the middle reaches, while upgrading industrial structure has negative impact on the green development efficiency of the middle reaches, and the impact of FDI on the the green development efficiency of the lower reaches is not significant. This study is of significance for improving the green development level of the Yellow River Basin and boosting the high-quality development of the region.

Key words: Yellow River Basin, green development efficiency, Super-SBM, spatiotemporal change, influencing factors