Resources Science ›› 2020, Vol. 42 ›› Issue (11): 2251-2260.doi: 10.18402/resci.2020.11.16

Previous Articles    

Research progress on farmland ecological compensation mechanism based on ecosystem service evaluation

LI Shuang1(), NIE Xin2(), ZHANG Anlu3   

  1. 1. School of Economics and Trade, Hubei University of Economics, Wuhan 430205, China
    2. School of Public Policy and Management, Guangxi University, Nanning 530004, China
    3. College of Public Administration, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan 430070, China
  • Received:2019-08-26 Revised:2020-05-27 Online:2020-11-25 Published:2021-01-25
  • Contact: NIE Xin;


In order to promote the ecological protection and restoration, the Party Central Committee has put forward new guidelines for the construction of ecological compensation system, and has carried out practice in key areas. However, the misalignment of supply and demand of ecosystem service leads to the uncertain participants and the inconsistent ecological compensation standards hinder the stable operation of the mechanism, which affects the implementation effect of the ecological compensation mechanism. Therefore, this paper analyzes the concept of ecosystem service supply and demand, summarizes the relationship between them, analyzes the definition and transport process of ecosystem service flow, introduces the main modeling methods of ecosystem service, and summarizes the current situation of farmland ecological compensation mechanism, compensation standards and identification of participants. Based on these, the shortcomings and future directions of ecosystem services assessment are pointed out, and the development trend of modeling methods of ecosystem services is summarized. Furthermore, this paper proposes feasible directions and ideas for the design and improvement of agricultural land ecological compensation mechanisms. According to the analysis, the main research progress is as follows: (1) The current ecosystem service assessment focuses on the function and potential, and ignores the intermediate process of ecosystem service delivery; (2) The modeling methods of ecosystem services are constantly improved, the technical threshold is raising, and more attention is paid to the integration of diversification and cross-discipline; (3) The scheme design of farmland ecological compensation mechanism needs to be improved in combination with spatial flow attributes. Therefore, to reasonably improve the agricultural land ecological compensation mechanism, the ecological compensation standard can be measured according to the spatial flow distribution of the agricultural land ecosystem service flow, and the participants can be determined by identifying the recipients of the ecosystem service benefits.

Key words: farmland, ecosystem service evaluation, ecosystem service supply, ecosystem service demand, ecosystem service flow, ecological compensation mechanism