Resources Science ›› 2020, Vol. 42 ›› Issue (11): 2196-2209.doi: 10.18402/resci.2020.11.12

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Spatiotemporal change and influencing factors of participatory sport tourism resources in Beijing suburbs

ZHANG Xin1,2,3(), LIU Jiaming1,2(), ZHU He1,2, LI Tao4   

  1. 1. Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Modeling, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    2. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    3. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
    4. Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210023, China
  • Received:2019-09-20 Revised:2020-07-12 Online:2020-11-25 Published:2021-01-25
  • Contact: LIU Jiaming E-mail:littlexin625@126.com;liujm@igsnrr.ac.cn

Abstract:

Spot tourism has become a hotspot in the transformation and upgrading of China’s current sports industry and tourism consumption. To scientifically understand the spatial distribution characteristics of sport tourism resources around metropolises and optimize their development layout, by choosing Beijing suburbs as the study area, based on the classification of the participatory sports tourism resources (PSTR), using the spatial analysis method and other methods, this study examined the spatiotemporal change and influencing factors of sport tourism resources in 1998, 2008, and 2018. The study found that: (1) Participatory sport tourism resources are mainly divided into three types: leisure and entertainment sport tourism resources, outward-bound sport tourism resources, and exciting adventure sport tourism resources, among which the amount of leisure and entertainment sport tourism resources was the largest, while the amount of exciting adventure resources was the smallest according to statistics, but its growth rate was the highest; and in terms of concentration degree, from 1998 to 2018, concentration degree of the exciting adventure sport tourism resources>concentration degree of the outward-bound sport tourism resources>concentration degree of the leisure and entertainment sport tourism resources; (2) PSTR presents a distribution pattern of “dense in the southeast and sparse in the northwest”, and with the increase of distance from the central urban area, the number of PSTR in the suburbs of Beijing fluctuated and showed a general declining trend; from 1998 to 2018, PSTR development evolved from northwest to southeast, and the concentration towards the central urban area were apparent, the peak value moved from 30~40 km to 20~30 km; there were significant differences in the spatial and temporal pattern of change between the three types of resources; (3) The formation of the spatial pattern of PSTR in the suburbs of Beijing was jointly influenced by natural and human factors such as topography, water system, population, transportation, policy and planning, among others. The three types of resources showed different spatial distribution patterns under the influence of different factors. Transportation is a fundamental factor affecting the spatial distribution of PSTR, and policy and planning factors play a critical guiding role, shaping and strengthening the spatial pattern of PSTR in Beijing suburbs to a certain extent. The above findings have important theoretical and practical significance for further optimizing the development of sports tourism resources and the rational distribution of the sports tourism industry in Beijing suburbs.

Key words: participatory sport tourism resources, ArcGIS, spatial distribution characteristics, spatiotemporal change, influencing factors, Beijing suburbs