Resources Science ›› 2020, Vol. 42 ›› Issue (11): 2075-2091.doi: 10.18402/resci.2020.11.03

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Progress and prospect of research on the Arctic Passage based on CiteSpace

WANG Wulin1,2(), GONG Jiao2, WANG Chengjin1,3()   

  1. 1. Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Modeling, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    2. College of Environment and Resources, Fuzhou University, Fuzhou 350116, China
    3. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2020-09-03 Revised:2020-10-10 Online:2020-11-25 Published:2021-01-25
  • Contact: WANG Chengjin;


The Arctic Passage has become an important issue of global shipping in recent years. It is of great scientific significance to examine the research progress and trend and gain insights for future theoretical research and practical exploration. Based on the Arctic Passage literature search from the China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) and the Web of Science Core Collection, the cooperative network graph and keyword co-occurrence network graph of the Arctic Passage research in China and internationally were drawn by the CiteSpace software, and the knowledge structure relationship and pattern of change of the Arctic Passage issue are revealed. The following results are derived: (1) The Chinese and international research of the Arctic Passage began in 2007 and 1991 respectively, and became a research hotspot in 2014 and 2015, then the annual distribution trends of Chinese research literature were basically the same as the latter two stages of international research; (2) Scholars in different fields are actively involved in related research, and the most published scholars in China and abroad are Zhenfu Li (Dalian Maritime University) and Ehlers S. (Russian Academy of Sciences) respectively. The academic research was mainly done by individual scholars with limited teamwork; (3) Transportation Management College of Dalian Maritime University and the Russian Academy of Sciences are the core of the cooperative network of Chinese and international research institutions respectively. There is little cooperation among research institutions and cross-regional and cross-sectoral; (4) The lexical categories of keywords are becoming more diversified, and the research topics and methods increasingly vary. The Arctic Passage research topics focus on the following four aspects: economic feasibility of the Arctic Passage, the impact of the Arctic Passage on the economic and trade and shipping networks, navigation environment and safety of the Arctic Passage, and national policy and implementation with the consideration of the Arctic Passage. The focus of Chinese and international research differed, future hotspots that may appear in the field of the Arctic Passage research include the integration of the Arctic Passage and Polar Silk Road, the humanistic environment of the Arctic Passage, the Arctic Passage safety and joint research, among others.

Key words: Arctic Passage, research progress, CiteSpace, visual analysis, bibliometrics