Resources Science ›› 2020, Vol. 42 ›› Issue (10): 1839-1848.doi: 10.18402/resci.2020.10.02

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Insights: Building a national comprehensive observation system of natural resource elements from the perspective of multidisciplinary integration

WU Guoxiong1(), ZHENG Du2, YIN Weilun3, NAN Zhibiao4, FU Bojie5, YU Guirui2, XIA Jun6, LIU Jiongtian7, GAO Xuemin8, WANG Fengming9, SONG Changqing5, DUAN Xiaonan10, LIU Gang11   

  1. 1. Institute of Atmospheric Physics, CAS, Beijing 100029, China
    2. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    3. College of Biological Science and Technology, Beijing Foresty University, Beijing 100083, China
    4. College of Pastoral Agriculture Science and Technology, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou 730020, China
    5. Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences, CAS, Beijing 100085, China
    6. Institute of Water Security, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430072, China
    7. Zhengzhou University, Zhenzhou 450052, China
    8. Science and Technology Development Division, Minstry of Natural Resources, Beijing 100812, China
    9. Hebei Geology University, Shijiazhuang 050031, China
    10. Bureau of Frontier Science and Education, CAS, Beijing 100864, China
    11. SDU Life Cycle Engineering, Department of Chemical Engineering, Biotechnology and Environmental Technology, University of Southern Denmark, Odense 5230, Denmark
  • Received:2020-09-10 Revised:2020-10-15 Online:2020-10-25 Published:2020-12-25

Abstract:

The construction of a comprehensive observation system for natural resource elements is a foundational and public welfare project of the Ministry of Natural Resources. It is an important measure to fully implement Xi Jinping Thought on Ecological Civilization, to practice the development concept of “a community of shared life” of mountains, waters, forests, croplands, and grasslands, and to fulfill the “two unifications” management responsibilities of natural resources. It provides basic data support for systematic and comprehensive understandings of the law of natural resources movement and predictions of future development trends. Key tasks for constructing the comprehensive observation system mainly include: First, thoroughly improving integration of multiple disciplines and top-level design; Second, inheriting and carrying forward the spirit of the Qinghai-Tibet Scientific Expedition, and building a diligent and stable observation team; Third, considering the coupling of different resources, such as forests and grasslands, and strengthening comprehensive research based on observation systems; drawing on the experience of ecosystem observations both in China and abroad, and using modern methods to build multi-scale networks scientifically; Fourth, breaking barriers to form synergy, exploring the cooperation mechanism between different observation networks and units, and serving major national needs of China; Fifth, clarifying the core tasks, and adhering to the point-line-surface integration principle; Sixth, exploring multi-sector cooperation and conducting pilot demonstrations.

Key words: natural resource elements, comprehensive observation, system development, cross-disciplinary corporation, multi-sectoral integration, multi-scale network