Resources Science ›› 2020, Vol. 42 ›› Issue (4): 776-789.doi: 10.18402/resci.2020.04.15

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Effects of interactions of green economic development and government environmental protection behavior

GAO Cuiyun1, WANG Qian2()   

  1. 1. School of Economics, Liaoning University, Shenyang 110136, China
    2. School of Economics, Jilin University, Changchun 130012, China
  • Received:2019-05-30 Revised:2020-03-10 Online:2020-04-25 Published:2020-06-25
  • Contact: WANG Qian E-mail:wangqian@jlu.edu.cn

Abstract:

With the construction of the joint system of environmental regulation, the choice of government regulatory tools depends on the local green economic development level. Clarifying the feedback mechanism between them is helpful for the government in choosing appropriate regulatory methods to promote green economy. Based on the interprovincial panel data of environmental regulation and economic input-output in China from 2007 to 2016, the non-radial directional distance function was used to construct the index of green economic performance, and the dynamic relationship between green economic performance and environmental regulation was measured by a panel vector autoregression (VAR) model. Green economic growth rate index was decomposed into “catch-up effect,” “innovation effect,” and “leadership effect.” This study explored the impact of the three effects on environmental regulation in the eastern, central, and western regions of China respectively. The results show that: (1) At the national level, the development of green economy has an interactive positive correlation with the environmental regulation of the government, forming a spiral mechanism of “green economic development-ordered environmental regulation.” However, the development of green economy is negatively related to market-oriented environmental regulation; although the public’s environmental protection behavior has not helped the development of green economy effectively, green economy still has a pulling effect on such behavior. (2) The regional survey found that there are regional dependency of the environmental regulation in the eastern, central, and western regions. The eastern region can promote the use of autonomous environmental policies, but green economic development still depends on market-oriented environmental regulation at this stage. The central region will rely more on mandatory environmental regulation, and green economic development can reduce the use of three types of environmental regulations in the western region. (3) Environmental regulation and policies are affected by different effects because of the difference of green technologies. Each region should take its own characteristics into consideration, improve environmental regulation and policies according to their local conditions, and set phased technological innovation goals.

Key words: green economic development, environmental regulation, technological innovation, non-radial directional distance function, panel VAR model