Resources Science ›› 2020, Vol. 42 ›› Issue (2): 274-285.doi: 10.18402/resci.2020.02.07

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Effects of agricultural land transfer on rural poverty reduction from the perspective of poverty vulnerability

ZUO Xiaofan, LU Jixia()   

  1. College of Humanities and Development Studies, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100193, China
  • Received:2019-07-08 Revised:2019-10-28 Online:2020-02-25 Published:2020-04-25
  • Contact: LU Jixia E-mail:lujx@cau.edu.cn

Abstract:

Based on the 2016 China Family Panel Studies (CFPS) data, this study measured the poverty vulnerability of Chinese rural residents by constructing a feasible least squares (FGLS) model, using farmers’ risk of poverty in the future as a measure of poverty, and using propensity score matching (PSM) method to study the poverty reduction effects of agricultural land transfer. The study found that, from the perspective of poverty vulnerability, using China’s current poverty standard and 0.3 as the threshold standard of poverty vulnerability, 22.3% of rural residents are still in poverty, and the vulnerability levels in the western and northeastern regions are 0.295 and 0.258, much higher than the eastern and central regions. Agricultural land transfer has a significant poverty reduction effect, which can effectively reduce the risk of rural residents falling into poverty in the future. The test results remain robust after eliminating the “self-selection” bias through the PSM method. The agricultural output value added of agricultural land transfer is 0.573, and agricultural land transfer can reduce the poverty vulnerability of rural residents by increasing the family agricultural output value. To this end, suggestions are put forward to strengthen poverty alleviation in deep poverty-stricken areas, improve the self-development ability of residents in these areas, promote the orderly transfer of agricultural land, and cultivate moderate-scale management entities.

Key words: agricultural land transfer, precision poverty alleviation, poverty vulnerability, PSM method, China