Resources Science ›› 2020, Vol. 42 ›› Issue (1): 115-126.doi: 10.18402/resci.2020.01.12

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High-quality development level and its spatiotemporal changes in the Yellow River Basin

XU Hui1, SHI Nuo1, WU Lingling2, ZHANG Dawei2,*()   

  1. 1. School of Economics, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou 730000, China
    2. School of Life Sciences, State Key Laboratory of Grassland Agro-ecosystems, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou 730000, China
  • Received:2019-12-02 Revised:2019-12-27 Online:2020-01-25 Published:2020-01-25
  • Contact: ZHANG Dawei E-mail:zhdawei@lzu.edu.cn

Abstract:

To promote the high-quality development of the Yellow River Basin, it is necessary to construct an evaluation index system for a scientific assessment of such development. Based on the two areas of economic and social development and ecological security, and considering five dimensions of economic development, innovation, improvement of people’s livelihood, environmental conditions, and ecological conditions, this study constructed a high-quality development evaluation index system for the Yellow River Basin. Using the data of nine provinces (autonomous regions) in the Yellow River Basin during 2008-2017, the entropy weight method was used in calculation. The results are as follows: The high-quality development level of the Yellow River Basin basically showed the spatial distribution of “high on both sides and low in the central area,” but the gap was decreasing year by year; The high-quality development level in each province (autonomous region) remained stable in 2008-2010, and continued to grow in 2011-2017, with a high growth rate in 2016; The overall high-quality development level of the basin showed an upward trend, with small fluctuations during 2008-2010 and a significantly increase from 2011. Over the last decade, all five dimensions improved. Accordingly, the study put forward specific suggestions and the directions for further research: (1) Strengthen regional linkages and expand the overall opening-up level of the Yellow River Basin. (2) On the basis of protecting the ecological environment, the provinces (autonomous regions) in western China should develop characteristic industries, combining with their factor endowments. (3) Shandong and Henan Provinces should strengthen the protection of the ecological environment while developing the economy. Shanxi and Gansu Provinces should improve people’s living standards urgently. Qinghai Province and Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region need to increase investments in innovation and improve innovation capacity. Finally,the study proposed the further research directions.

Key words: Yellow River Basin, ecological protection, high-quality development, evaluation index system, spatiotemporal change