Resources Science ›› 2019, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (9): 1703-1713.

### Rural revitalization strategy based on the perspective of rural multifunctions: A case of the mountainous areas in Yunyang District of Shiyan City,western Hubei Province

ZHANG Liguo,WANG Zhanqi(),WEI Chao,GAO Yunxiao

1. School of Public Administration, China University of Geosciences (Wuhan), Wuhan 430074, China
• Received:2018-05-02 Revised:2019-07-04 Online:2019-09-25 Published:2019-09-25
• Contact: WANG Zhanqi E-mail:zhqwang@cug.edu.cn

Abstract:

Under the background of China’s rapid urbanization, rural areas are still facing a severe situation of lagging behind or even backward development. Rural revitalization strategy is a significant strategic decision for China to properly solve the “Three Rural Issues.” The multifunctional development and its management of villages will be a focal point and a new path to realize the overall revitalization of the countryside. This study established a systematic evaluation index to evaluate the multifunctions of village space, and used the horizontal and vertical comparison methods to identify dominant functions and weak functions of each village, determine the development type of the village, and finally put forward different development strategies for the villages. The results are as follows: (1) The agricultural production function, living function, social security function, and ecological conservation function are spatially different in the mountainous rural areas; (2) The multifunction index values are low overall and show little variations for the villages; (3) Through identifying the dominant functions and weak functions, the study established a set of criteria to classify development types for villages, and then divided the villages of the study area into polarized development type, leading development type, and comprehensive development type. Next, the polarized development villages were divided into four subtypes of development, and the leading development villages were divided into three subtypes. Finally, we put forward the corresponding development strategies for various types of villages. This study explored the strategies of rural revitalization from the perspective of village space multifunctions, which may provide some practical reference for rural revitalization strategy in the new era, expand the perspective of regional multifunctional research, and enrich the theoretical framework of multifunctional study.