Resources Science ›› 2019, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (8): 1513-1525.

### Influencing factors and performance evaluation of green mining in Hubei Province

Yongqing WANG1,Laifeng WANG2,Hongxing DENG3,Kai DONG4

1. 1.School of Resources, China University of Geosciences (Wuhan), Wuhan 430074, China
2.School of Economics and Management, China University of Geosciences (Wuhan), Wuhan 430074, China
3.Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region Geological Environment Monitoring Station, Nanning 530029, China
4.School of Natural Resources and Surveying, Nanning Normal University, Nanning 530001, China
• Received:2019-01-30 Revised:2019-07-12 Online:2019-08-28 Published:2019-08-21

Abstract:

The analysis of influencing factors and performance of green mining is of great significance for promoting green mine development and forming green mining in an all-round way. Based on the data of 596 mining enterprises in Hubei Province from 2011 to 2015, this study used panel data Logit model to identify the influencing factors of green mine development and used propensity score matching (PSM) model to analyze the influence of some factors on the performance of green mining, including scale of the mines, mineral types, and main functional areas. The conclusions are as follows: (1) The importance of influencing factors is in the following order: mining scale, economic value of mines, “three-rate” survey of minerals, main functional area, urbanization level, economic type of mining, and annual investment. The “three-rate” survey and urbanization progress have promoted the green mine development. Large and medium-sized mines, mines in key ecological protection areas, state-owned and collective enterprises are more active in implementing the development of green mines. Insufficient investment of enterprises is a key factor restricting green mine development. (2) The effect of improving the economic efficiency of enterprises from green mine development is: large mines>medium-sized mines>small mines, non-metallic mines>metal mines; the improvement effect of mine environmental management investment is: key ecological functional areas>major agricultural products producing areas>key development areas, non-metallic mines>metal mines; the effects of tailings treatment and utilization from green mine development is: “three-rate” survey of minerals>non-“three-rate” survey of minerals. Our suggestions are as follows: The “three-rate” survey of mineral resources should be carried out in an all-round way to increase utilization rate of resource. To enhance the supervision and management of protection and restoration of mine eco-environment, mines are encouraged to increase investment in mine environmental management and the comprehensive utilization of tailings. Promote the development of green mines from isolated sites to areas, establish green demonstration area of mining, and promote the transformation and upgrading of traditional mining industry through demonstration and dissemination.