Resources Science ›› 2019, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (7): 1250-1261.doi: 10.18402/resci.2019.07.06

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Economic performance of livestock and poultry breeding waste treatment and influencing factors: Based on data of farms in Beijing

Xu ZHANG(), Juan QIAO(), Xinqi SHEN   

  1. College of Economics and Management, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100083, China
  • Received:2018-10-05 Revised:2019-03-09 Online:2019-07-25 Published:2019-07-25

Abstract:

Pollution of livestock and poultry breeding waste seriously endangers the rural environment, but farms often lack the enthusiasm for the treatment of livestock and poultry breeding waste. Improving the economic performance of livestock and poultry breeding waste treatment will greatly improve the enthusiasm of farm owners, therefore it is very important to fully understand the economic performance of the farms and its influencing factors. In this study, we imported the data from the 2017 survey in Beijing to measure the economic performance of livestock and poultry breeding waste treatment and analyze the influencing factors using the data envelopment analysis DEA-Tobit model. From the results, we found that technology, management, and scale of waste management all have a strong support for the economic performance, and the supporting roles of technology and management are greater than scale. Other factors that have a significant positive impact on the economic performance of livestock and poultry breeding waste treatment include higher business risk preference, long-term experience in breeding, advanced method of clearing the manure, strong willingness of conducting environmental impact assessment, and high enthusiasm of the surrounding farmers to apply manure. Factors such as farmers’ willing to reduce the use of antibiotics on an appropriate basis and the high level of binding policy cognition have a significant negative impact on the economic performance. Although livestock and poultry breeding waste treatment with high environmental performance can directly lower the economic performance of farms, it can also improve social relations. The conclusions of this study have important implications for improving the enthusiasm of farm owners for livestock and poultry breeding waste treatment, thereby improving the environmental and social performance of livestock and poultry breeding waste treatment and promoting sustainable agricultural development.

Key words: livestock and poultry breeding waste treatment, economic performance, influencing factors, DEA-Tobit model, farms, Beijing