Resources Science ›› 2019, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (6): 1035-1047.doi: 10.18402/resci.2019.06.03

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Spatial morphology of rural settlements based on site and functional characteristics

Yanbo QU1(), Shuwen WEI1, Ran SHANG2(), Jie ZHENG1   

  1. 1. School of Public Management, Shandong University of Finance and Economics, Jinan 250014, China
    2. School of Environmental Science and Engineering, Shandong Agriculture and Engineering University, Jinan 250100, China
  • Received:2018-10-25 Revised:2019-05-10 Online:2019-06-25 Published:2019-06-25


Adjustment of rural residential land use in the process of urban-rural transformation and development should be based on the systematic understanding and classification of its spatial morphology. Based on the “2+3” sampling method to select five typical townships and 15 villages in different regions of Shandong Province as the research object, this study constructed a conceptual model of rural settlement morphology from the perspective of site and functional characteristics coupling. Rural settlements were divided by scale, shape, and density indicators of the “site” attribute, and system functions of rural settlements were analyzed based on production, living, and ecological indicators of the “functional” attribute. Then the site-function coupling characteristics of rural settlements were revealed through comparative analysis. The study found that: (1) The scale of rural settlements in the surveyed townships is quite different, the density is relatively concentrated, and the shape is irregular; the combination of rural settlement characteristics in economically backward and mountainous areas are relatively simple, and the types of rural settlements in economically developed and plain areas are diverse. (2) With regard to functions, the overall performance of the surveyed rural settlements is good in production function, poor in living function, and average in ecological function. With the attenuation of location advantage in the townships, the production function of the surveyed villages gradually reduces and tends to become average, the living function gradually reduces but the degree of differentiation becomes more severe, and the ecological function also gradually reduces but the reduction is relatively balanced. (3) With regard to site-function coupling, the living and ecological functions of “large scale-agglomerated” rural settlements are high, the “small scale-distributed” rural settlements have slightly stronger living functions, and the functions of “large scale-distributed-regular shaped” rural settlements are relatively weak. The correlation between combination type and functional relationship is a reflection of the self-organization of internal elements of rural settlements under the guidance of external factors.

Key words: rural settlements, spatial morphology, identification, sampling, Shandong Province