Resources Science ›› 2019, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (4): 740-752.doi: 10.18402/resci.2019.04.11

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Farmland scale and farmers’ pro-environmental behavior:Verification of the inverted U hypothesis

CAO Hui1,2, ZHAO Kai1,2   

  1. 1. College of Economics and Management, Northwest A&F University, Yangling 712100, China;;
    2. Applied Economics Research Center, Northwest A&F University, Yangling 712100, China;
  • Received:2018-05-02 Revised:2018-11-01 Published:2019-04-25

Abstract: The purpose of this study was to analyze the possible impact of farmland scale on farmers’ pro-environmental behavior based on the dynamic optimization model, to empirically test the impact of total farmland scale and plot size on farmers’ pro-environmental behavior using the data of 549 households and 1417 plots in Shandong Province, and to explore measures for the treatment of agricultural non-point source pollution and the improvement of agricultural sustainable development capacity. The Oprobit model and the Probit model were employed in this study. The results show that total farmland scale has a steady inverted “U” relationship with farmers’ overall pro-environmental behavior. Plot size also has a steady inverted “U” relationship with farmers’ overall pro-environmental behavior. For the contracted plots, the relationship between plot size and farmers’ overall pro-environmental behavior is an inverted “U” type, but a “U” type is observed for the rented-in plots. In conclusion, we should pay close attention to the speed and scale of cultivated land consolidation, and standardize the procedures and management of farmland transfer.

Key words: total farmland scale, plot size, farmers'pro-environmental behavior, grain production, inverted U hypothesis, Shandong Province