Resources Science ›› 2019, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (2): 247-256.doi: 10.18402/resci.2019.02.04

• Orginal Article • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Land compensation standard in ecologic fragile areas of red soil hilly region in the southern China

Guiping BAO1(), Xiaoliang LIANG2, Ying LIANG3, Bin GENG2(), Baogen XU2   

  1. 1. School of Business Administration, Zhejiang University of Finance and Economics, Hangzhou 310018, China
    2. Zhejiang University of Finance and Economics, Hangzhou 310018, China
    3. Dongfang College, Zhejiang University of Finance & Economics, Hangzhou 310000, China
  • Received:2018-07-04 Revised:2018-11-26 Online:2019-02-25 Published:2019-02-25

Abstract:

Under the condition of the market regulation malfunction, the idle cultivated land aggravated soil erosion and caused the tillage layer thinning in the ecological fragile zone of the southern China. Therefore, government should establish a scientific eco-compensation standard for guiding enterprises to grow crops on a reasonable scale as that is their important function for protecting the ecologic fragile areas of the Southern China. Based on the microeconomic activities of enterprises, this study built a 4D spatial theory of neo-cultivated land in hilly region of the Southern China. The 4D spatial theory is composed of four dimensions, which are respectively four aspects of the eco-compensation standard, the added eco-service value, the ratio of land-use change, and land area. Then, an ecological-restoration oriented eco-compensation standard was creatively constructed for newly cultivated land in ecologic fragile areas of red soil hilly region in the Southern China. This study also made an empirical research on Songyang in Zhejiang Province. The results indicate that the radio of enterprises converting their land-use and the compensation standard increased with the ecological remediation value of ecosystem service. The results specifically shows that: The area of neo-cultivated land is 720 hm2, and when the ecological remediation value of ecosystem service was set as 1000×104 yuan/a. If we use neo-cultivated land to plant tee trees,the conversion ratio of land-use reached 20.29% The required compensation standard of tee trees was 1.88×104 yuan/(hm2a), and the required compensation funds was 1354.71×104 yuan/a. If we use neo-cultivated land to plant navel oranges,the conversion ratio of land-use reached 50% The required compensation standard of navel oranges was 0.51×104 yuan/(hm2a),and the required compensation funds was 368.49×104 yuan/a. It is suggested that the newly cultivated land should be cultivated for ecological restoration in ecologic fragile areas of red soil hilly region in the south. Government should establish a targeted eco-compensation system in an accurate space orientation and optimized ecological compensation standard.

Key words: ecological remediation, ecological compensation standard, ecologic fragile areas, ecosy-stem service value, cultivated land, the hilly red soil region, red soil hilly region, southern China