Resources Science ›› 2018, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (9): 1773-1786.doi: 10.18402/resci.2018.09.08

Special Issue: 人口与城市研究

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Study on the relationship between the spatial feature of urban population aging and the pension resources matching ——take the three provinces of the Northeast China as an example

Dongxia ZHAO1,3(), Zenglin HAN1,2, Qilong REN4, Wanbo LIU2, Qian PEI2   

  1. 1. Center for Studies of Marine Economy and Sustainable Development, Liaoning Normal University, Dalian 116029, China
    2. College of Urban and Environment Science, Liaoning Normal University, Dalian 116029, China
    3. College of Management, Liaoning Normal University, Dalian 116029, China
    4. College of Urban and Environment Science, Huaiyin Normal University, Huaian 223300, China
  • Received:2017-09-15 Revised:2018-07-03 Online:2018-09-20 Published:2018-09-14

Abstract:

With the population aging being ahead of economic development, the problem of pension resources configuration among aging population will stand out continually. The three provinces in the northeast of China are the moderate districts of aging. It is noted that there are national strategic meanings and demonstration effects to study the spatial distribution feature of aging population and the optimal configuration of pension resources. Taking 34 prefecture level cities and 2 administrative areas as the research objects, the spatial evolution features of population aging in the administrative regions in the 3 major years were characterized, based on the spatial autocorrelation analysis according to the statistical data of aging population. The pension resources configuration of 36 objects in 2015 were evaluated by using comprehensive index model and the spatial matching relationship between 36 groups’ aged people and pension resources was identified on the basis of geographic concentration. The results demonstrated that the degree of population aging in the administrative regions in 2005, 2010, and 2015 were deepening gradually. The high density areas were expanding from the southwest to the northeast and the spatial correlation features are enhancing; the high agglomeration areas were widening from the south to the north; and the “dilution” of population aging in the northeast in the future will face severe challenges. The pension resources in regional center cities and the cities with the government’s supports are richer than the peripheral cities. There is an obvious correlation of spatial distribution between aging population and pension resources. The concentration of aging population and pension resources is reduced from the south to the north. Among them, the whole area of Liaoning Province is both a concentrated area of aging population and pension resources. There is a diverse matching relationship between the south and the north, and the development level of the ‘Liaozhongnan’ urban agglomeration is significantly higher than that of the ‘Ha-Chang’ urban agglomeration. The most cities still face the two extreme problem, i. e. , a waste of and a short of pension resources.

Key words: population aging, spatial evolution feature, pension resource, spatial matching, city