Resources Science ›› 2018, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (7): 1418-1428.doi: 10.18402/resci.2018.07.10

• Orginal Article • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Influence of government subsidies and adoption effect on continuous adoption behavior of water-saving irrigation technology by farmers

Caixia XUE1(), Yuxiang HUANG2(), Wenting HAN3   

  1. 1. College of Economics and Management, Northwest A & F University, Yangling 712100, China;
    2. College of Mechanical and Electronic Engineering, Northwest A & F University, Yangling 712100, China;
    3. Institute of Water Saving Agriculture in Area Regions of China, Northwest A& Forestry University, Yangling 712100, China);
  • Received:2017-08-14 Revised:2017-10-12 Online:2018-07-20 Published:2018-07-20

Abstract:

Adoption of water-saving irrigation technology (WSIT) is a step-by-step dynamic learning process for farmers, which includes two-stage decision-making of adoption and continuous adoption. The continuous adoption behavior of farmers affects the benefits of WSIT. Based on a survey of 284 apple growers in Baishui county in Shaanxi, a Heckman selection model was used to study the influence of government subsidies and adoption effect on farmer continuous adoption behavior of WSIT. We found that government subsidies encouraged farmers to adopt WSIT. Compared with capital subsidies, infrastructure subsidies and equipment subsidies were more conducive to farmers' continuous adoption of WSIT. The adoption effect of WSIT had a significant positive effect on farmers' adoption behavior of WSIT. The lower the cost of WSIT, the better the applicability of technology and the more economic benefit, the higher the probability that farmers adopted WSIT. The effect of cost investment on farmers' continuous adoption behavior of WSIT was not significant, and technical applicability had a positive effect on farmers' continuous adoption behavior of WSIT. The timely solution of problems encountered by farmers improved the economic benefits of WSIT. Based on the above conclusions, the following recommendations are made: continue government subsidies, preferential subsidies infrastructure and facilities, establishment of a WSIT industry access system, popularization of integrated technology of water, fertilizer and medicine, WSIT publicity, and establishment of professional service institutions to solve problems encountered by farmers.

Key words: water-saving irrigation technology, continuous adoption behavior, government subsidies, adoption effect, Heckman selection model