Resources Science ›› 2018, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (7): 1354-1364.doi: 10.18402/resci.2018.07.04

• Orginal Article • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Welfare changes and disparities among farmers before and after renting out farmland with government-dominated farmland transfer in the Guanzhong-Tianshui Economic Zone

Peiling LIAO(), Jian ZHAO, Xianli XIA()   

  1. College of Economics & Management, Northwest A&F University, Yangling 712100, China
  • Received:2017-09-25 Revised:2018-03-30 Online:2018-07-20 Published:2018-07-20

Abstract:

To promote farmland large scale management and rural economic development, government-dominated farmland transfer has been a significant mode of farmland transfer in modern China. Farmland is known as the most important livelihood asset of farmer, and its transfer will have a great influence on welfare changes and disparities among farmers. According to 659 samples from the Guanzhong-Tianshui Economic Zone, we built a farmers’ welfare index system based on the thought of Sen’s function and capacity approach. We used fuzzy evaluation method and combination weight based on game theory to measure welfare changes. We used indexes of Gini and Theil to analyze welfare disparities for farmers. We found that after farmland transfer, sampled farmers’ welfare levels are modestly improved, though the increase is not significant. Specifically, sampled farmers’ welfare levels increase from 0.432 to 0.467. Rather, it is still below the median level 0.5. Economic condition, social security, living condition, employment and development are improved to varying degrees, but psychology and health declines. The total welfare disparities and welfare disparities within groups become narrow. Welfare disparities between groups show little change. There are differences in role positioning, process management and regulatory guarantee in government-dominated farmland transfer, which means that the effect of equal distribution of welfare within groups on the Tianshui area is greater than that for the Guanzhong area. We suggest improvements to government-dominated farmland transfer to comprehensively enhance farmers’ welfare, reduce welfare disparities within groups and develop these two areas simultaneously.

Key words: farmers’ welfare, farmland transfer, government-dominated, combination weight based on game theory, Guanzhong-Tianshui Economic Zone