Resources Science ›› 2018, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (5): 1073-1083.doi: 10.18402/resci.2018.05.19

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Factors restricting the participation of farmers in Forest Carbon Sequestration Projects

Rongfa GONG1(), Weizhong ZENG1,2()   

  1. 1. College of Economics, Sichuan Agricultural University, Chengdu 611130, China
    2. Southwest Center for Poverty Alleviation and Development Research, Chengdu 611130, China
  • Received:2017-09-05 Revised:2018-01-01 Online:2018-05-10 Published:2018-05-10

Abstract:

670 rural households which participated in two typical Forest Carbon Sequestration Projects(Afforestation and reforestation project under the Clean Development Mechanism) driven by government in Sichuan Province as samples and using Structural Equation Model, we researched the factors that restrict the farmers' participation on the basis of Embedded Social Structure Theory. The results of the study show that there are three important reasons leading to low degree of farmers' participation. Firstly, It is difficult to meet the strict requirements of the construction of carbon sequestration forest because of the backwardness of afforestation technology of farmers; And then, firm admittance criterion of forest land makes the forest land which many households have the right of contracted management can not be included in the Forest Carbon Sequestration Project. Finaly, there are no demonstration organizations that can drive the households to participate in Forest Carbon Sequestration Project because of weakening of the function of the informal organization and insufficient development of the formal organization in the community. Therefore, there are three important measures to increase the degree of farmers' participation. Improving farmers' afforestation and forestation technology by carrying out technical training, reducing forest land access standards by optimizing the organization structure of Forest Carbon Sequestration Project, and promoting the development of community organizations such as forestry cooperatives. At the same time, Resource endowment such as the area of forest land, the structure of family labors and the level of income, and social capital such as the relationship network, the degree of trust of the government and the degree of trust of the villagers also affect farmers' willingness and abilities to participate in Forest Carbon Sequestration Projects to a certain extent, although almost all of the forest carbon sequestration projects are now driven by the government.

Key words: Forest Carbon Sequestration Project, participation degree, Embedded Social Structure Theory, Structural Equation Modeling