Resources Science ›› 2018, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (5): 908-918.doi: 10.18402/resci.2018.05.04

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Compilation of a water resource balance sheet for Huzhou City

Yanzhao YANG1,2,3(), Yue CHEN1,2, Xiaoyu SONG4, Huimin YAN1,2,3, Zhiming FENG1,2,3   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
    2. College of Resources and Environment, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
    3. Key Laboratory of Carrying Capacity Assessment for Resource and Environment, Ministry of Land and Resources, Beijing 101149, China
    4. Northwest Institute of Eco-Environment and Resources, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou 730000, China
  • Received:2018-03-22 Revised:2018-04-27 Online:2018-05-10 Published:2018-05-10

Abstract:

The compilation of water resource balance sheets is a hotspot in the field of water resource management since the Third Plenary Session of the 18th. The compilation aims to make clear the exact value of water resource assets and water resource liabilities. Exploring the compilation of water resource balance sheets and practical applications is of great importance for promoting an ecological civilization. As a new concept, there are no precedents for this framework. This paper established a series of accounts of water resource assets and liabilities, and determined the methods of calculating indexes of water resource assets and water resource liabilities. A compiled water resources balance sheet from 2006 to 2013 in Huzhou City was developed. In 2013, the total value of water resources assets in Huzhou City was 141.41 billion CNY, representing 80% GDP of Huzhou City. Water resource assets are an important guarantee for the coordinated development of the social economy and water resource environment. On impact of natural and social factors, from 2006 to 2013 water resource assets increased by 22.48 billion CNY or about 18.90%. The amount caused by difference values between assets and liabilities was to 141.79 billion CNY, but by the protection of water resources and impact of water ecological restoration the total water resource liability in Huzhou City was -0.38 billion CNY. During the accounting period, water resource liabilities for Huzhou City were reduced. The water resource balance sheet for the “Huzhou Pattern” will be established so as to provide guidance for national demonstrative applications in some demonstration zones, namely the Xizang Autonomous Region, Shenzhen Special Economic Zone in Guangdong Province, Zhangye City in Gansu Province and Rizhao City in Shandong Province.

Key words: water resource balance sheet, water resource accounting, water resources assets, water resources liabilities, Huzhou City