Resources Science ›› 2018, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (4): 809-817.doi: 10.18402/resci.2018.04.14

• Orginal Article • Previous Articles     Next Articles

The impact of technology perception and subsidy policy on different phases of farmers’ water-saving irrigation technology adoption

Tao XU1,2(), Minjuan ZHAO1,2(), Erhui LI3, Dan QIAO1,2   

  1. 1. College of Economics and Management Northwest A&F University, Yangling 712100, China;
    2. Applied Economics Research Center, Northwest A&F University, Yangling 712100, China;
    3. State Key Laboratory of Hydroscience and Engineering, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China
  • Received:2017-05-12 Revised:2017-10-09 Online:2018-05-02 Published:2018-05-02

Abstract:

Agriculture consumes 63.1% of the total water in Chin, but the effective utilization rate of farmland irrigation water in China is only 0.542 and there exists a huge waste of water resources. Accelerating the promotion of water-saving irrigation technology is an important way for China to realize the transformation from water-dependent agriculture to water-saving agriculture. Here we use the example of drip irrigation technology and structural equation modeling to analyze how technology perception and subsidy policy satisfaction impact the initial phase and follow-up phase of farmers’ adoption, based on 354 households’ survey data from Minqin County (among them, 156 households have not used drip irrigation and 198 households have adopted). When they adopt technology from the initial phase to the follow-up phase, farmers' perception of ease to use improves, however, their perceived usefulness and subsidy policy rationality decrease. Compared with the perception of ease to use, the influence of perceived usefulness on farmers’ willingness to adopt increases, and the influence of subsidy policy on farmers’ willingness to adopt is further enhanced. A policy implication is that technology promotion such as advertising activities, training and field demonstration in initial adoption phase are significant in today's technology popularization. More input should be applied into technology research and development to improve the effect and sustainability of technology adopting at the same time. Appropriate adjustment should be given in subsidy standard and manners for improving the implementation effects of subsidy policy, and more attention should be paid to policy requirements of farmers in the follow-up adoption phase, for their opinions on the subsidy standard and means are valuable.

Key words: water-saving irrigation, drip irrigation, technology perception, subsidy policy, initial adoption phase, follow-up adoption phase, Minqin County