Resources Science ›› 2018, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (3): 567-579.doi: 10.18402/resci.2018.03.11

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The evolution of China’s resource recycling industry policy

Hailin YAO1,2(), Cuihong ZHANG1()   

  1. 1. Business School, Central South University, Changsha 410083, China
    2. Institute of Metal Resources Strategy, Central South University, Changsha 410083, China
  • Received:2017-08-10 Revised:2018-02-01 Online:2018-03-10 Published:2018-03-10

Abstract:

The development of the resource recycling industry can alleviate the dual constraints of resource shortages and environmental pollution. To promote the development of this industry, the Chinese government has formulated a series of industrial policies and revised and adjusted the policy priorities according to the characteristics of the resource recycling industry. Policies are in the process of continuous development and evolution. Further research on the evolution characteristics of the resource recycling industry is of great significance for accurately grasping key points and development trends, exploring the internal logic of policy evolution, and promoting the optimization and perfection of policy. However, few studies have been carried out in this field. Based on the systemic collection of resource recycling industry policies issued by the Chinese Central Government and related departments from 1978 to 2016, we conducted co-words analysis and social network analysis for 172 policy texts from four dimensions: policy theme, recycling objects, industry chain links and policy instruments. We found that the historical evolution of China’s resource recycling industry policies has experienced four stages: exploratory stage (1978—2002), preliminary formation stage (2003—2008), rapidly growing stage (2009—2011), and strategic deepening stage (2012 onward). The evolution of industrial policy has a certain regularity. Policy themes have evolved from macro to specific; recycling objects have evolved from industrial waste to production and living waste; industry chain links have evolved from recycling to the whole industrial chain; and policy instruments have evolved from a single type to the complex type. The influencers of industrial policy evolution are complex and changeable. The external macro environment and industry characteristics all impact the evolution of China’s resource recycling industry policy.

Key words: resource recycling industry, policy evolution, co-words analysis, social network analysis