Resources Science ›› 2018, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (1): 216-225.doi: 10.18402/resci.2018.01.20

• Orginal Article • Previous Articles    

Effect decomposition of industry, space and population on energy consumption during Chinese urbanization

Xiang YAN1,2(), Changchun CHENG2,3, Yizhen JIA2   

  1. 1. Business School of Yancheng Teachers University, Yancheng 224002, China
    2. Business School of Hohai University, Nanjing 211100, China
    3. Research Institute of the Jiangsu Yangzi River Economic Belt of Nantong University, Nantong 226019, China
  • Received:2017-08-01 Revised:2017-10-11 Online:2018-01-20 Published:2018-01-20

Abstract:

On the basis of a literature review, we constructed the fusion mechanism of energy consumption in urbanization on the interactive development of industry, space and population, and analyzed factor decomposition of changes in energy consumption from 1998 to 2015 in China, based on the Kaya expansion model of vector form and the Aggregate the Sum of Polynomial Multiplication of LMDI. We found that the pulling effect of urbanization on production energy consumption is much greater than that of households. The transformation and upgrading traditional energy-driven industries and technological progress alleviate the energy pressure. In recent years, apart from household expenditure, other economic units, because of the improvement of extensive “three-high” development model rather than household consumption, are more energy-conserving. The household consumption effect is still the dominant factor in the promotion of indirect energy consumption, the positive contribution of convergence between urban and rural household consumption behavior to the fluctuation of energy consumption strengthens gradually, and, with the expansion of population, has become a constraint of the sustainable development of energy. The spread of low density sprawling space exacerbates energy consumption, except for the negative contribution to the fluctuation of energy consumption by the scale effect of population agglomeration. Under the situation of strengthening of energy restraint of new urbanization, although the structural adjustment and technological progress at the industrial level still have the effect of reduction of energy consumption, more attention should be paid to improvements on the patterns and habits of energy consumption at the population level, and releasing the new kinetic energy of reducing energy consumption by space distribution of resource, and also strive to achieve sharing economy to ease the energy consumption pressure, and accordingly.

Key words: urbanization, industry, space, population, energy consumption, LMDI