Resources Science ›› 2018, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (1): 185-194.doi: 10.18402/resci.2018.01.17

• Orginal Article • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Analysis of carbon emissions transferred and China’s carbon emissions responsibility based on the Income Principle

Xiaohong YU(), Xiayan ZHAN   

  1. School of Management and Economics, Department of Applied Economics, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing 100081, China
  • Received:2017-05-19 Revised:2017-10-27 Online:2018-01-20 Published:2018-01-20


The Paris World Climate Conference re-emphasized the establishment of the carbon emission responsibility principle based on common but differentiated responsibility, equality and respective capability principles. The current flawed carbon emission accounting inventory is based on Producer Principles and presents a challenge for China in claiming its rights to emit and develop. Taking China as the main research object and focusing on the newly-proposed Income Principle, we estimated 41 countries and regions' Income Principle based carbon emissions and carbon emissions transferred using multi-regional input-output and Ghosh models. We found that China’s estimated responsibility of Income Principle based carbon emissions was lower than what China is supposed to take on direct carbon emissions; net imports of Income Principle based carbon emissions increased from 1995 to 2011. China is the largest net importer on Income Principle based carbon emissions. Countries such as Japan, USA, Germany, Russia, Australia and Brazil increasingly export Income Principle based carbon emissions to China. China has become one of the important destinations for Income Principle based carbon emissions exports from these countries. Constructing a carbon emissions accounting inventory using the Income Principle will facilitate the establishment of a more effective and fairer carbon reduction framework, and aid China's proposition of rational carbon emissions principles and effective carbon emission reduction policies.

Key words: producer principle, Income Principle, Multi-regional Input-output Model, Ghosh Model, emissions transfer