Resources Science ›› 2018, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (1): 64-73.doi: 10.18402/resci.2018.01.07

• Orginal Article • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Study on cropping structure adjustment under the background of rural-household differetiation from Rural Fixed Watch Points in 31 provinces of China

Dandan ZHAO1(), Hong ZHOU1,2()   

  1. 1. College of Economics & Management, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing 210095, China;
    2. China Center for Food Saecurity Research, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing 210095, China
  • Received:2017-01-01 Revised:2017-05-13 Online:2018-01-20 Published:2018-01-20

Abstract:

The mechanism of household differentiation and changes in planting structure were systematically analyzed using data from Rural Fixed Watch Points in 2004—2011. We found that with the development of non-agricultural markets and gap in marginal income of the labor force, farmers have polarized the choice of the structure of the planting. Because of gradual development of the land circulation market, changes in the planting structure of farmers tends to be more pure farmers, and the higher the non-agricultural income the higher farmers tend to flow out of the land. The change in planting structure of farmers is mainly affected by topography and cultivated land area at the end of the year. The gentler the terrain the more favorable to development of agricultural modernization. Therefore, the pure farmers who have more cultivated land at the end of the year tend to grow food crops. On the contrary, they tend to grow cash crops. As grain and other field crops of professional services and outsourcing services improve, farmers gradually increase grain and other field crop scales, and in a short period of time to choose to maintain the current planting structure unchanged. When non-agricultural income reaches a certain level, farmers choose to land transfer. We discuss policy suggestions, improving agricultural mechanization and professional service levels, cultivating modern farmers, improving farmer enthusiasm for growing grain, guiding farmers to structural adjustment in accordance with national macro strategies to avoid the non-food phenomenon.

Key words: planting structure, type of farmers, diff erentiation of farmers