Resources Science ›› 2017, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (9): 1792-1800.doi: 10.18402/resci.2017.09.16

• Orginal Article • Previous Articles    

Preference analysis of household ecological compensation in Crested Ibis protected area in Hanzhong,Shaanxi based on choice experiments

Bo SUN1(), Wei DUAN2, Huimin DING1, Yan FENG1, Yali WEN1()   

  1. 1. School of Economics and Management,Beijing Forestry University,Beijing 100083,China
    2. School of Economics and Management,South China Agricultural University,Guangzhou 510642,China
  • Received:2016-12-15 Revised:2017-06-14 Online:2017-09-20 Published:2017-09-20

Abstract:

Understanding preferences for ecological compensation policies around wetland protected areas helps improve the ecological environment of wetlands and surroundings. Here,we selected 300 valid peasant households in the Crested Ibis protected area in Hanzhong,Shaanxi,and used choice experiments to analyze farmer preferences for different ecological compensation schemes and willingness to accept ecological compensation. We found that the design of compensation policy significantly affected farmer willingness to participate,among which the influence of plan implementation period,land participation and pesticide reduction ratio was negative,and the influence of compensation amount was positive. Age,education level,protection awareness,living in the protected area,family population and per capita annual income affected household preference for wetland ecological compensation attributes,the effect of age on farmer willingness to participate in ecological compensation was negative,and the effect of other individual characteristics was positive. In terms of compensation standard,the mean value of farmer annual willingness to accept compensation surrounding wetland is 608.56CNY/hm2;if the implementation period was extended by one year additional compensation of 8.09CNY/hm2 was needed. If the area involved in land compensation increased by 10% the need for additional compensation was 58.00CNY/hm2. If the farmer reduced the amount of pesticide by 10% additional compensation of 459.09CNY/hm2 was needed. Wetland ecological compensation standards in China should not only consider the influence of different household designs but also population characteristics,and carry out dynamic and elastic compensation standards.

Key words: wetland reserve, household preference, ecological compensation policy, choice experiment method, Crested Ibis, Shaanxi